33,508 research outputs found

    Intranight optical variability of radio-quiet BL Lacertae objects

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    Aims: Intranight variation (or microvariation) is a common phenomenon of radio-loud BL Lac objects. However, it is not clear whether the recently found radio-quiet BL Lac objects have the same properties. The occurrence rate of intranight variation is helpful in distinguishing the mechanism of the continuum of radio-quiet BL Lac objects. Methods: We conducted a photometric monitoring of 8 radio-quiet BL Lac objects by the Xinglong 2.16m and Lijiang 2.4m telescopes. The differential light curves are calculated between each target and two comparison stars. To quantify the variation, the significance of variation is examined by a scaled FF-test. Results: No significant variation is found in the 11 sessions of light curves of 8 radio-quiet BL Lac objects (one galactic source is excluded). The lack of microvariation in radio-quiet BL Lac objects is consistent with the detection rate of microvariation in normal radio-quiet AGNs, but much lower than for radio-loud AGNs. This result indicates that the continua of the radio-quiet BL Lac objects are not dominated by jets that will induce frequent microvariations.Comment: Accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysics; 7 pages, 1 figure, 3 table

    Tunable electronic and magneto-optical properties of monolayer arsenene from GW approximation to large-scale tight-binding simulations

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    Monolayers of group VA elements have attracted great attention with the rising of black phosphorus. Here, we derive a simple tight-binding model for monolayer grey arsenic, referred as arsenene (ML-As), based on the first-principles calculations within the partially self-consistent GW0 approach. The resulting band structure derived from the six p-like orbitals coincides with the quasi-particle energy from GW0 calculations with a high accuracy. In the presence of a perpendicular magnetic field, ML-As exhibits two sets of Landau levels linear with respect to the magnetic field and level index. Our numerical calculation of the optical conductivity reveals that the obtained optical gap is very close to the GW0 value and can be effectively tuned by external magnetic field. Thus, our proposed TB model can be used for further large-scale simulations of the electronic, optical and transport properties of ML-As