11,972 research outputs found

    Phenomenology of Neutrino Oscillations at the Neutrino Factory

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    We consider the prospects for a neutrino factory to measure mixing angles, the CP violating phase and mass-squared differences by detecting wrong-charged muons arising from the chain \mu^+ to \nu_e to \nu_\mu\ to \mu^- and the right-charged muons coming from the chain \mu^+ to \bar{\nu}_\mu\ to \bar{\nu}_\mu\ to \mu^+ (similar to \mu^- chains), where \nu_e to \nu_\mu\ and \bar{\nu}_\mu\ to \bar{\nu}_\mu\ are neutrino oscillation channels through a long baseline. First, we perform the baseline and energy optimization of the neutrino factory including the latest simulation results from the magnetized iron neutrino detector (MIND). Second, we study physics with near detectors and consider the treatment of systematic errors including cross section errors, flux errors, and background uncertainties. Third, the effects of one additional massive sterile neutrino are investigated in the context of near and far detector combinations.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, proceedings for TAUP201

    Study of Non-Standard Charged-Current Interactions at the MOMENT experiment

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    MuOn-decay MEdium baseline NeuTrino beam experiment (MOMENT) is a next-generation accelerator neutrino experiment looking for more physics study. We try to simulate neutrino oscillations confronting with Charged-Current\&Non-Standard neutrino Interactions(CC-NSIs) at MOMENT. These NSIs could alter neutrino production and detection processes and get involved in neutrino oscillation channels. We separate a perturbative discussion of oscillation channels at near and far detectors, and analyze parameter correlations with the impact of CC-NSIs. Taking δcp\delta_{cp} and θ23\theta_{23} as an example, we find that CC-NSIs can induce bias in precision measurements of standard oscillation parameters. In addition, a combination of near and far detectors using Gd-doped water cherenkov technology at MOMENT is able to provide good constraints of CC-NSIs happening at the neutrino production and detection processes.Comment: 14 pages, 5 figures. Matches the published versio

    Full-counting statistics of charge and spin transport in the transient regime: A nonequilibrium Green's function approach

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    We report the investigation of full-counting statistics (FCS) of transferred charge and spin in the transient regime where the connection between central scattering region (quantum dot) and leads are turned on at t=0t=0. A general theoretical formulation for the generating function (GF) is presented using a nonequilibrium Green's function approach for the quantum dot system. In particular, we give a detailed derivation on how to use the method of path integral together with nonequilibrium Green's function technique to obtain the GF of FCS in electron transport systems based on the two-time quantum measurement scheme. The correct long-time limit of the formalism, the Levitov-Lesovik's formula, is obtained. This formalism can be generalized to account for spin transport for the system with noncollinear spin as well as spin-orbit interaction. As an example, we have calculated the GF of spin-polarized transferred charge, transferred spin, as well as the spin transferred torque for a magnetic tunneling junction in the transient regime. The GF is compactly expressed by a functional determinant represented by Green's function and self-energy in the time domain. With this formalism, FCS in spintronics in the transient regime can be studied. We also extend this formalism to the quantum point contact system. For numerical results, we calculate the GF and various cumulants of a double quantum dot system connected by two leads in transient regime. The signature of universal oscillation of FCS is identified. On top of the global oscillation, local oscillations are found in various cumulants as a result of the Rabi oscillation. Finally, the influence of the temperature is also examined

    Full-counting statistics of energy transport of molecular junctions in the polaronic regime

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    We investigate the full-counting statistics (FCS) of energy transport carried by electrons in molecular junctions for the Anderson-Holstein model in the polaronic regime. Using two-time quantum measurement scheme, generating function (GF) for the energy transport is derived and expressed as a Fredholm determinant in terms of Keldysh nonequilibrium Green's function in the time domain. Dressed tunneling approximation is used in decoupling the phonon cloud operator in the polaronic regime. This formalism enables us to analyze the time evolution of energy transport dynamics after a sudden switch-on of the coupling between the dot and the leads towards the stationary state. The steady state energy current cumulant GF in the long time limit is obtained in the energy domain as well. Universal relations for steady state energy current FCS are derived under finite temperature gradient with zero bias and this enables us to express the equilibrium energy current cumulant by a linear combination of lower order cumulants. Behaviors of energy current cumulants in steady state under temperature gradient and external bias are numerically studied and explained. Transient dynamics of energy current cumulants is numerically calculated and analyzed. The universal scaling of normalized transient energy cumulants is found under both temperature gradient and external bias