610 research outputs found

    Is the centrality dependence of the elliptic flow v2v_2 and of the average <pT><p_T> in RHIC experiments more than a Core-Corona Effect?

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    Recently we have shown that the centrality dependence of the multiplicity of different hadron species observed in RHIC and SPS experiments can be well understood in a simple model, dubbed core-corona model. There it is assumed that those incoming nucleons which scatter only once produce hadrons as in pp collisions whereas those which scatter more often form an equilibrated source which decays according to phase space. In this article we show that also kinematical variables like v2/ϵpart(Npart)v_2/\epsilon_{part} (N_{part}) as well as v2i/ϵpart(Npart)v_2^i/\epsilon_{part} (N_{part}) and ofidentifiedparticlesarewelldescribedinthismodel.Thecorrelationof of identified particles are well described in this model. The correlation of between peripheral heavy ion collisions and pp collisions for different hadrons, reproduced in this model, questions whether hydrodynamical calculations are the proper tool to describe non-central heavy ion collision. The model explains as well the centrality dependence of v2/ϵpartv_2/\epsilon_{part} of charged particles, considered up to now as an observable which allows to determine the viscosity of the quark gluon plasma. The observed dependence of v2i/ϵpart(Npart)v_2^i/\epsilon_{part}(N_{part}) on the particle species is a simple consequence of the different ratios of core to corona particles.Comment: Figure added, text partially rewritten, interpretation of v2 of identified particle

    Beyond Mean Field Confrontation of Different Models with High Transverse Momentum Proton Spectra

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    Several models have been proposed to simulate heavy ion reactions beyond the mean field level. The lack of data in phase space regions which may be sensitive to different treatments of fluctuations made it difficult to judge these approaches. The recently published high energy proton spectra, measured in the reaction 94 AMeV Ar + Ta, allow for the first time for a comparison of the models with data. We find that these spectra are reproduced by Quantum Molecular Dynamics (QMD) and Boltzmann Uehling Uhlenbeck (BUU) calculations. Models like Boltzmann Langevin (BL) in which additional fluctuations in momentum space are introduced overpredict the proton yield at very high energies. The BL approach has been successfully used to describe the recently measured very subthreshold kaon production assuming that the fluctuations provide the necessary energy to overcome the threshold in two body collisions. Our new findings suggest that the very subthreshold kaon production cannot be due to two body scattering and thus remains a open problem.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures (eps), revte

    Multifragmentation - what the data tell us about the different models

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    We discuss what the presently collected data tell us about the mechanism of multifragmentation by comparing the results of two different models, which assume or show an opposite reaction scenario, with the recent high statistics 4π4\pi experiments performed by the INDRA collaboration. We find that the statistical multifragmentation model and the dynamical Quantum Molecular Dynamics approach produce almost the same results and agree both quite well with experiment. We discuss which observables may serve to overcome this deadlock on the quest for the reaction mechanism. Finally we proof that even if the system is in equilibrium, the fluctuation of the temperature due to the smallness of the system renders the caloric curve useless for the proof of a first order phase transition.Comment: Proceedings CRIS 200

    On the flow of kaons produced in relativistic heavy ion collisions

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    We investigate the different contributions to the in-plane flow of K+ mesons observed recently by the FOPI collaboration in the reaction Ni(1.93 AGeV)+Ni. Due to the kinematics of the three body phase space decay the flow of kaons produced in baryon-baryon interactions is smaller than that of the baryons in the entrance channel. On the contrary, in pi N interactions the flow of the sources and of the kaons are identical. Therefore the total kaon flow depends on the relative number of Delta N -> K+ and pi N -> K+ reactions and hence on the lifetime of the Delta, in addition to the already known dependence on the potential interaction interaction of the kaons with the nuclear environment.Comment: 11 pages, 10 figures, submitted to NP

    KK^- and pˉ\bar p Spectra for Au+Au Collisions at s\sqrt{s} = 200 GeV from STAR, PHENIX and BRAHMS in Comparison to Core-Corona Model Predictions

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    Based on results obtained with event generators we have launched the core-corona model. It describes in a simplified way but quite successfully the centrality dependence of multiplicity and of identified particles observed in heavy-ion reaction at beam energies between s\sqrt{s} = 17 GeV and 200 GeV. Also the centrality dependence of the elliptic flow, v2v_2, for all charged and identified particles could be explained in this model. Here we extend this analysis and study the centrality dependence of single particle spectra of KK^- and pˉ{\bar p} measured by the PHENIX, STAR and BRAHMS collaborations. We find that also for these particles the analysis of the spectra in the core-corona model suffers from differences in the data published by the different experimental groups, notably for the pp collisions. As for protons and K+K^+ for each experience the data agree well with the prediction of the core-corona model but the value of the two necessary parameters depends on the experiments. We show as well that the average momentum as a function of the centrality depends in a very sensitive way on the particle species and may be quite different for particles which have about the same mass. Therefore the idea to interpret this centrality dependence as a consequence of a collective expansion of the system, as done in blast way fits may be premature.Comment: Invited talk to the CPOD conference Dubna August 201

    Radiative energy loss of relativistic charged particles in absorptive media

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    We determine the energy loss spectrum per time-interval of a relativistic charge traversing a dispersive medium. Polarization and absorption effects in the medium are modelled via a complex index of refraction. We find that the spectrum amplitude becomes exponentially damped due to absorption mechanisms. Taking explicitly the effect of multiple scatterings on the charge trajectory into account, we confirm results obtained in a previous work.Comment: 4 pages, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Hard and Electromagnetic Probes of High-Energy Nuclear Collisions (Hard Probes 2012), 27 May - 1 June 2012, Cagliari, Ital

    Towards an understanding of the RHIC single electron data

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    High transverse momentum (pTp_T) single non-photonic electrons which have been measured in the RHIC experiments come dominantly from heavy meson decay. The ratio of their pTp_T spectra in pp and AA collisions (RAA(pT)R_{AA}(p_T)) reveals the energy loss of heavy quarks in the environment created by AA collisions. Using a fixed coupling constant and the Debye mass (mDgTm_D\approx gT) as infrared regulator perturbative QCD (pQCD) calculations are not able to reproduce the data, neither the energy loss nor the azimuthal (v2)(v_2) distribution. Employing a running coupling constant and replacing the Debye mass by a more realistic hard thermal loop (HTL) calculation we find a substantial increase of the collisional energy loss which brings the v2(pT)v_2(p_T) distribution as well as RAA(pT)R_{AA}(p_T) to values close to the experimental ones without excluding a contribution from radiative energy loss.Comment: Accepted for publication in Physical Review

    Analysis of Dilepton Invariant Mass Spectrum in C+C at 2 and 1 AGeV

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    Recently the HADES collaboration has published the invariant mass spectrum of e+ee^+e^- pairs, dN/dMe+e_{e^+e^-}, produced in C+C collisions at 2 AGeV. Using electromagnetic probes, one hopes to get in this experiment information on hadron properties at high density and temperature. Simulations show that firm conclusions on possible in-medium modifications of meson properties will only be possible when the elementary meson production cross sections, especially in the pn channel, as well as production cross sections of baryonic resonances are better known. Presently one can conclude that a) simulations overpredict by far the cross section at Me+eMω0M_{e^+e^-} \approx M_{\omega}{^0} if free production cross sections are used and that b) the upper limit of the η\eta decay into e+ee^+e^- is smaller than the present upper limit of the Particle Data Group. This is the result of simulations using the Isospin Quantum Molecular Dynamics (IQMD) approach.Comment: 28 pages, 15 figures, 3 tables, ps file recommende
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