313 research outputs found

    Domain walls in gapped graphene

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    The electronic properties of a particular class of domain walls in gapped graphene are investigated. We show that they can support mid-gap states which are localized in the vicinity of the domain wall and propagate along its length. With a finite density of domain walls, these states can alter the electronic properties of gapped graphene significantly. If the mid-gap band is partially filled,the domain wall can behave like a one-dimensional metal embedded in a semi-conductor, and could potentially be used as a single-channel quantum wire.Comment: 4 pgs. revte

    Spin Versus Charge Density Wave Order in Graphene-like Systems

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    A variational technique is used to study sublattice symmetry breaking by strong on-site and nearest neighbor interactions in graphene. When interactions are strong enough to break sublattice symmetry, and with relative strengths characteristic of graphene, a charge density wave Mott insulator is favored over the spin density wave condensates. In the spin density wave condensate we find that introduction of a staggered on-site energy (quasiparticle mass) leads to a splitting of the fermi velocities and mass gaps of the quasiparticle spin states.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures; some comments adde

    A Holographic Quantum Hall Ferromagnet

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    A detailed numerical study of a recent proposal for exotic states of the D3-probe D5 brane system with charge density and an external magnetic field is presented. The state has a large number of coincident D5 branes blowing up to a D7 brane in the presence of the worldvolume electric and magnetic fields which are necessary to construct the holographic state. Numerical solutions have shown that these states can compete with the the previously known chiral symmetry breaking and maximally symmetric phases of the D3-D5 system. Moreover, at integer filling fractions, they are incompressible with integer quantized Hall conductivities. In the dual superconformal defect field theory, these solutions correspond to states which break the chiral and global flavor symmetries spontaneously. The region of the temperature-density plane where the D7 brane has lower energy than the other known D5 brane solutions is identified. A hypothesis for the structure of states with filling fraction and Hall conductivity greater than one is made and tested by numerical computation. A parallel with the quantum Hall ferromagnetism or magnetic catalysis phenomenon which is observed in graphene is drawn. As well as demonstrating that the phenomenon can exist in a strongly coupled system, this work makes a number of predictions of symmetry breaking patterns and phase transitions for such systems.Comment: 38 pages, 7 figures, references adde

    Correlators of the Kazakov-Migdal Model

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    We derive loop equations for the one-link correlators of gauge and scalar fields in the Kazakov-Migdal model. These equations determine the solution of the model in the large N limit and are similar to analogous equations for the Hermitean two-matrix model. We give an explicit solution of the equations for the case of a Gaussian, quadratic potential. We also show how similar calculations in a non-Gaussian case reduce to purely algebraic equations.Comment: 14 pages, ITEP-YM-3-9

    Topology and Duality in Abelian Lattice Theories

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    We show how to obtain the dual of any lattice model with inhomogeneous local interactions based on an arbitrary Abelian group in any dimension and on lattices with arbitrary topology. It is shown that in general the dual theory contains disorder loops on the generators of the cohomology group of a particular dimension. An explicit construction for altering the statistical sum to obtain a self-dual theory, when these obstructions exist, is also given. We discuss some applications of these results, particularly the existence of non-trivial self-dual 2-dimensional Z_N theories on the torus. In addition we explicitly construct the n-point functions of plaquette variables for the U(1) gauge theory on the 2-dimensional g-tori.Comment: 11 pages, LateX, 1 epsf figure; minor typos corrected and references update
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