56 research outputs found

    Resilience in the face of pelvic pain: A pilot study in males and females affected by urologic chronic pelvic pain

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    Aims Resilience represents a fundamental element in the experience of pain, as it allows adaptation to suffering and increases psychological social well-being and quality of life (QoL). We investigated resilience in patients affected by urologic chronic pelvic pain (UCPP) and the relationships with pain severity and distribution, catastrophizing and psychological distress.Methods Forty-eight consecutive UCPP patients were classified on a pain body map as being affected by pelvic pain only or widespread pain (WP), and underwent the evaluation of resilience with the 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14), with higher scores indicating high resilience levels; scores < 56 denote very poor resilience. Pelvic and nonpelvic pain intensity and the bother of urinary symptoms on QoL were measured by means of Pain Numerical Rating Scale (PNRS) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21) investigated catastrophizing and psychological conditions.Results Overall, RS-14 mean +/- SD total score was 50.2 +/- 12.5 in patients with pelvic pain only and 40.2 +/- 10.2 in those with WP. Significant relationships were observed between low resilience levels and high scores of pelvic and nonpelvic PNRS, VAS, pain catastrophizing scale and depression and anxiety, stress scale (for all: p < 0.001). Significantly lower RS-14 scores were detected in females and in patients with WP.Conclusions A very poor resilience has been identified in UCPP patients, particularly in those with greater catastrophizing and mood alterations. WP and female gender were mostly affected. In UCPP patients, low resilience appears as a crucial factor in pain experience

    A comparative study in learning curves of laparoscopic lateral suspension vs. laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy: preliminary results

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    BackgroundDetermination of the learning curve of new techniques is essential to improve safety and efficiency. Limited information is available regarding learning curves of different techniques in laparoscopic pelvic floor surgery.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to compare the learning curve of two operative techniques, laparoscopic lateral suspension (LLS) and laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC).Material and methodsWe conducted a prospective study to assess the learning curve of LLS and LSC by implementing a structured urogynecologic surgical training program with the use of pelvic trainers for our urogynecology fellow. The fellow was an experienced urogynecologic surgeon, but was laparoscopic suturing and dissection naive at the beginning of the study. She was required to assist in 20 laparoscopic urogynecologic surgeries and undertake laparoscopic suturing and knot tying training with mesh positioning on a laparoscopic trainer for 4 h/week during the trial period. After the completion of this structured training program, the fellow performed LLS and LSC under the supervision of an experienced subspecialist as the primary surgeon. Linear regression analysis was used to compare the data of LLS and LSC learning curves. Subjective pre- and post-operative evaluation of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and pelvic floor disorders was undertaken preoperatively and 12 months postoperatively using the PFDI-20-Quality of Life validated questionnaire. Follow-up was scheduled 12 months after the surgery and performed by a skilled urogynecologist. Objective cure was defined as Pelvic Organ Prolapse-Qualification (POP-Q) stage <II in any compartment.ResultsThe mean operative times of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy and lateral suspension were 168.26 and 160.33 min, respectively. According to linear regression analysis after 43 procedures, the learning curve for laparoscopic lateral suspension was shorter than for laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (OPTime 134.69 min). In both groups, there was a significant reduction in bothersome POP symptoms (p ≤ 0.005). Bladder injuries in two cases and lumbar pain in one case were recorded during the study. Overall objective success at 12 months was 90.7% for LSC and 89.1% for LLS.ConclusionLaparoscopic lateral suspension could be an alternative to laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy in the treatment of POP with its good objective and subjective outcomes. Lateral suspension has a shorter learning curve, and it is technically less demanding than LSC. Procedure-dedicated training can accelerate the move from a novice to a master laparoscopic surgeon

    Pure stress urinary incontinence: analysis of prevalence, estimation of costs, and financial impact

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    BackgroundThe prevalence of pure stress urinary incontinence (P-SUI) and the role of urodynamic investigation (UDI) prior to surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is debated. Since the exact prevalence of P-SUI is not clear, its clinical and economic impact is not well defined. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of P-SUI in a population of women who underwent UDI for urinary incontinence (UI), also assessing: 1) the correspondence between clinical diagnosis of P-SUI and urodynamic findings; 2) the analysis of costs in terms of UDI and eventually post-UDI avoided surgical procedures.MethodsA single cohort of women who underwent UDI for UI between January 2012 and July 2016 was prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed. Clinical P-SUI was defined by the strict criteria of the International Continence Society. For each patient, history, physical examination and UDI were collected. The correspondence between clinical and urodynamic findings of P-SUI was analyzed. The rate of clinical P-SUI changed after performing UDI and the number of unnecessary intervention after UDI were reported. A wide cost analysis of UDIs, and the amount of surgical procedures that were believed unnecessary after UDI was reported.ResultsStress urinary incontinence was present in 323/544 (59.4%) patients. The prevalence of clinical P-SUI was 20.7% (67/323), while the prevalence of complicated SUI (C-SUI) was 79.3% (256/323). After UDI, diagnosis of P-SUI decreased to 18.3% (59/232). In 10.2% of cases (6/59) the scheduled middle urethral sling (MUS) was suppressed after the UDI results because 3/6 cases had detrusor overactivity and urge incontinence, in 2/6 cases SUI was treated with a conservative management, in 1/6 case an important voiding dysfunction was detected. Considering the national reimbursement in our country, the cost of each UDI was 296.5 euros and the total amount was 17,493.5 euros. So far the surgery-related savings covered 61.7-105.0% of the costs of total number of UDIs performed in the uncomplicated patients.ConclusionsThe prevalence of clinical P-SUI is relevant, involving about 20% of women with clinical SUI. Although the correspondence between clinical and urodynamic diagnosis was high, we demonstrated that UDI may help in some cases to avoid an inappropriate surgical treatment. Therefore, UDI prior to SUI surgery should be considered to achieve a correct diagnosis and a proper therapeutic strategy

    Role of Bladder Emptying on Outcomes of Transurethral Resection of the Prostate

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    OBJECTIVE To assess the role of bladder emptying on outcomes of males undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study involved candidates for TURP (January 2017-2018) with a follow-up of 3 years. Preoperative and follow-up evaluation comprised: UF, simple PVR (S-PVR), PVR-Ratio (PVR-R) as the ratio of PVR to bladder volume (BV: voided volume (VV) + PVR), Bladder void-ing efficiency (BE) as the ratio between VV and BV-(voided volume/total bladder capacity) & POUND; 100 -and the IPSS. Patients were stratified for S-PVR, PVR-R, and BVE.RESULTS Patients recruited were 100 (mean & PLUSMN; SD age: 68.8 & PLUSMN; 8.7 years). No patient had severe complica-tions, re-admission, nor needed blood transfusion. At baseline, 38% of the patients showed S-PVR & LE; 50 mL, 62% a S-PVR & LE; 100 mL, and 25% a S-PVR >150 mL. In both pre-and postopera-tive evaluation there were no significant differences in Qmax and IPSS score among the groups. In each group we found a significant improvement in Qmax, IPSS score, and S-PVR, PVR-R and BVE after TURP (except for PVR in group with lowest preoperative S-PVR). Analysing a preop-erative S-PVR threshold >100 mL, PVR-R significantly increased, and BVE significantly decreased after TURP. Conversely, when preoperative S-PVR was >100 mL, PVR-R, and BVE relevantly but non significantly improved after surgery.CONCLUSION Bladder emptying is only partially related to TURP outcomes and other preperative parameters. Patients with baseline S-PVR lower than 100 mL had the chance of greater recovery of bladder emptying after TURP

    Spontaneous Nephrocutaneous Fistula: A Case Report, Update of the Literature and Management Algorithm

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    Aims: Spontaneous nephrocutaneous fistula (NCF) is a rare and severe condition. The aim of this study was to update the data of the literature about this disease and, reporting and considering also our experience in 1 case of NCF, to make a new clinical algorithm. Methods: This study was done with a review of all the literature and a comparison with our experience. Results: The characteristic sign of spontaneous NCF is a flank sinus discharging material. Physical examination and computed tomography usually lead to the diagnosis. The main predisposing factors are renal stones/staghorn calculi, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis and renal tuberculosis. In the vast majority of the cases kidneys are poorly functioning or nonfunctioning. Surgical approach is the common management and usually consists of open nephrectomy. We create a clinical management algorithm obtained by a review of the literature and our experience with spontaneous NCF. Conclusions: Spontaneous NCF represents a very serious renal disease leading to loss of the kidney in the vast majority of cases. We propose a revised and user-friendly clinical diagnostic-therapeutic algorithm for spontaneous NCF based on the worldwide literatur

    Outcomes of lateral tube positioning technique for ams 800 (TM) artificial urinary sphincter placement

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    We evaluated 46 males. Mean f\u2010up was 28.2 (3\u201057) months. There was no mechanical failure. Cuff erosion rate was 8.7% (4 males). We had no complications, nor infections attributed to the new tubing path. Visual analog scale (VAS) showed postoperative pain intensity as none in 74%, and mild in 26%. Urinary retention longer than 48 hours occurred in 10.9% of the patients (5 cases), and suprapubic tube placement was easy, fast, and safe with any tubing damage.Outcomes of lateral tube positioning technique for ams 800 (TM) artificial urinary sphincter placemen

    Linguistic translation and validation of the Arabic version of International Female Coital Incontinence Questionnaire (IFCI-Q)

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    ABSTRACTObjectives Aim of the study was to translate the International Female Coital Incontinence Questionnaire (IFCI-Q) into Arabic (Egyptian) and validate it into among Egyptian population complaining of coital urinary incontinence (CI).Methods Original questionnaire has been translated and back-translated by an expert panel, to produce the Arabic version. A pilot study was performed to make sure the questionnaire was understandable. Sixty patients included in the study were divided into two groups: Group A comprised patients with CI, and Group B comprised females who attended the urology clinic for other complaints, without CI. Reliability of the Arabic IFCI-Q was evaluated for internal consistency using Cronbach alpha coefficient. Test–retest reliability was determined using the Weighted Cohen’s k-test. Discrimination validity was evaluated by comparing scores of patients with those of healthy females not complaining of CI using Mann–Whitney test.Results 83.3% of women of both groups (mean age: 43.1 ± 10.6 yrs [Group A], 38.9 ± 8 [Group B] yrs) reported OAB symptoms, 73.3% had stress urinary incontinence and 46.7% reported mixed urinary incontinence. Regarding Group A, 10 patients had CI during penetration, 12 during orgasm and 8 had both forms of CI. The comparison of the responses between Group A and Group B demonstrated a statistically difference (p < 0.00). The content validity was assessed by a panel of expert functional urologists. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for the total score were high (0.9–1), indicating high internal consistency. The difference between the two groups revealed an internal consistency of IFCI-Q of 0.563–0.851. The test–retest procedure revealed that the k-values of each item are very good.Conclusions The Arabic version will allow utilizing this tool in a large population of Arabic-speaking countries, with different ethnic and demographic backgrounds
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