47,959 research outputs found

    Fermi and Bose pressures in statistical mechanics

    Full text link
    I show how the Fermi and Bose pressures in quantum systems, identified in standard discussions through the use of thermodynamic analogies, can be derived directly in terms of the flow of momentum across a surface by using the quantum mechanical stress tensor. In this approach, analogous to classical kinetic theory, pressure is naturally defined locally, a point which is obvious in terms of the stress-tensor but is hidden in the usual thermodynamic approach. The two approaches are connected by an interesting application of boundary perturbation theory for quantum systems. The treatment leads to a simple interpretation of the pressure in Fermi and Bose systems in terms of the momentum flow encoded in the wave functions. I apply the methods to several problems, investigating the properties of quasi continuous systems, relations for Fermi and Bose pressures, shape-dependent effects and anisotropies, and the treatment of particles in external fields, and note several interesting problems for graduate courses in statistical mechanics that arise naturally in the context of these examples.Comment: RevTeX4, 18 pages. Submitted to American Journal of Physic

    Adaptive p-value weighting with power optimality

    Full text link
    Weighting the p-values is a well-established strategy that improves the power of multiple testing procedures while dealing with heterogeneous data. However, how to achieve this task in an optimal way is rarely considered in the literature. This paper contributes to fill the gap in the case of group-structured null hypotheses, by introducing a new class of procedures named ADDOW (for Adaptive Data Driven Optimal Weighting) that adapts both to the alternative distribution and to the proportion of true null hypotheses. We prove the asymptotical FDR control and power optimality among all weighted procedures of ADDOW, which shows that it dominates all existing procedures in that framework. Some numerical experiments show that the proposed method preserves its optimal properties in the finite sample setting when the number of tests is moderately large

    Random wavelet series based on a tree-indexed Markov chain

    Get PDF
    We study the global and local regularity properties of random wavelet series whose coefficients exhibit correlations given by a tree-indexed Markov chain. We determine the law of the spectrum of singularities of these series, thereby performing their multifractal analysis. We also show that almost every sample path displays an oscillating singularity at almost every point and that the points at which a sample path has at most a given Holder exponent form a set with large intersection.Comment: 25 page