10,033 research outputs found

    Phenomenological discriminations of the Yukawa interactions in two-Higgs doublet models with Z2Z_2 symmetry

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    There are four types of two-Higgs doublet models under a discrete Z2Z_2 symmetry imposed to avoid tree-level flavour-changing neutral current, i.e. type-I, type-II, type-X and type-Y models. We investigate the possibility to discriminate the four models in the light of the flavour physics data, including Bs−BˉsB_s-\bar B_s mixing, Bs,d→μ+μ−B_{s,d} \to \mu^+ \mu^-, B→τνB\to \tau\nu and Bˉ→Xsγ\bar B \to X_s \gamma decays, the recent LHC Higgs data, the direct search for charged Higgs at LEP, and the constraints from perturbative unitarity and vacuum stability. After deriving the combined constraints on the Yukawa interaction parameters, we have shown that the correlation between the mass eigenstate rate asymmetry AΔΓA_{\Delta\Gamma} of Bs→μ+μ−B_{s} \to \mu^+ \mu^- and the ratio R=B(Bs→μ+μ−)exp/B(Bs→μ+μ−)SMR={\cal B}(B_{s} \to \mu^+ \mu^-)_{exp}/ {\cal B}(B_{s} \to \mu^+ \mu^-)_{SM} could be sensitive probe to discriminate the four models with future precise measurements of the observables in the Bs→μ+μ−B_{s} \to \mu^+ \mu^- decay at LHCb.Comment: 29 pages, 4 tables, 11 figures. v3: minor corrections included, matches published version in EPJ

    Nuclear stopping and sideward-flow correlation from 0.35A to 200A GeV

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    The correlation between the nuclear stopping and the scale invariant nucleon sideward flow at energies ranging from those available at the GSI heavy ion synchrotron (SIS) to those at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) is studied within ultrarelativistic quantum molecular dynamics (UrQMD). The universal behavior of the two experimental observables for various colliding systems and scale impact parameters are found to be highly correlated with each other. As there is no phase transition mechanism involved in the UrQMD, the correlation may be broken down by the sudden change of the bulk properties of the nuclear matter, such as the formation of quark-gluon plasma (QGP), which can be employed as a QGP phase transition signal in high-energy heavy ion collisions. Furthermore, we also point out that the appearance of a breakdown of the correlation may be a powerful tool for searching for the critical point on the QCD phase diagram.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Ferroelectricity of Ice Nanotubes inside Carbon Nanotubes

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    We report that ice nanotubes with odd number of side faces inside carbon nanotubes exhibit spontaneous electric polarization along its axes direction by using molecular dynamics simulations. The mechanism of this nanoscale quasi-one-dimensional ferroelectricity is due to low dimensional confinement and the orientational order of hydrogen bonds. These ferroelectric fiber structural materials are different from traditional perovskite structural bulk materials.Comment: 4 pages and 4 figure
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