789 research outputs found

    Topological insulators are tunable waveguides for hyperbolic polaritons

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    Layered topological insulators, for example, Bi2_2Se3_3 are optically hyperbolic materials in a range of THz frequencies. Such materials possess deeply subdiffractional, highly directional collective modes: hyperbolic phonon-polaritons. In thin crystals the dispersion of such modes is split into discrete subbands and is strongly influenced by electron surface states. If the surface states are doped, then hybrid collective modes result from coupling of the phonon-polaritons with surface plasmons. The strength of the hybridization can be controlled by an external gate that varies the chemical potential of the surface states. Momentum-dependence of the plasmon-phonon coupling leads to a polaritonic analog of the Goos-H\"anchen effect. Directionality of the polaritonic rays and their tunable Goos-H\"anchen shift are observable via THz nanoimaging.Comment: 12 pages, 7 figure

    Coherence and superconductivity in coupled one-dimensional chains: a case study of YBa2_{2}Cu3_{3}Oy_{y}

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    We report the infrared (IR) response of Cu-O chains in the high-TcT_{c} superconductor YBa2_{2}Cu3_{3}Oy_{y} over the doping range spanning y=6.28‚ąí6.75% y=6.28-6.75. We find evidence for a power law scaling at mid-IR frequencies consistent with predictions for Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid, thus supporting the notion of one-dimensional transport in the chains. We analyze the role of coupling to the CuO2_{2} planes in establishing metallicity and superconductivity in disordered chain fragments.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Interplane charge dynamics in a valence-bond dynamical mean-field theory of cuprate superconductors

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    We present calculations of the interplane charge dynamics in the normal state of cuprate superconductors within the valence-bond dynamical mean-field theory. We show that by varying the hole doping, the c-axis optical conductivity and resistivity dramatically change character, going from metallic-like at large doping to insulating-like at low-doping. We establish a clear connection between the behavior of the c-axis optical and transport properties and the destruction of coherent quasiparticles as the pseudogap opens in the antinodal region of the Brillouin zone at low doping. We show that our results are in good agreement with spectroscopic and optical experiments.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure
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