1,281 research outputs found

    Novel QCD Phenomenology

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    I review a number of topics where conventional wisdom in hadron physics has been challenged. For example, hadrons can be produced at large transverse momentum directly within a hard higher-twist QCD subprocess, rather than from jet fragmentation. Such "direct" processes can explain the deviations from perturbative QCD predictions in measurements of inclusive hadron cross sections at fixed x_T= 2p_T/\sqrt s, as well as the "baryon anomaly", the anomalously large proton-to-pion ratio seen in high centrality heavy ion collisions. Initial-state and final-state interactions of the struck quark lead to Bjorken-scaling single-spin asymmetries, diffractive deep inelastic scattering, the breakdown of the Lam-Tung relation in Drell-Yan reactions, as well as nuclear shadowing and antishadowing. The Gribov-Glauber theory predicts that antishadowing of nuclear structure functions is not universal, but instead depends on the flavor quantum numbers of each quark and antiquark, thus explaining the anomalous nuclear dependence measured in deep-inelastic neutrino scattering. One cannot attribute such phenomena to the structure of the hadron or nucleus itself. It is thus important to distinguish "static" structure functions computed from the square of the target light-front wavefunctions, versus "dynamical" structure functions which include the effects of the final-state rescattering of the struck quark. The importance of the J=0 photon-quark QCD contact interaction in deeply virtual Compton scattering is emphasized. The scheme-independent BLM method for setting the renormalization scale is discussed. Eliminating the renormalization scale ambiguity greatly improves the precision of QCD predictions and increases the sensitivity of searches for new physics at the LHC. Other novel features of QCD are discussed, including the consequences of confinement for quark and gluon condensates.Comment: Invited talk, presented at the Gribov-80 Memorial Workshop on Quantum Chromodynamics and Beyond, May, 2010, Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. Trieste, Ital

    QCD Phenomenology of Static Sources

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    We discuss the spectrum of open string and point particle excitations in QCD with various source representations. Some general relations are introduced and lattice results presented. In particular we discuss the short-distance behaviour, relate this to perturbation theory expectations and comment on the matching between low energy matrix elements and high energy Wilson coefficients, within the framework of effective field theories.Comment: Invited Talk presented at LightCone 2004, 16-20 August 2004, Amsterdam, 10 page

    Novel QCD Phenomenology at the LHeC

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    The proposed electron-proton/ion collider at CERN, the LHeC, can test fundamental and novel aspects of QCD and electroweak interactions as well as explore physics beyond the standard model over an exceptionally large kinematic range.Comment: LHeC Contributio

    QCD phenomenology with infrared finite SDE solutions

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    Recent progress in the solution of Schwinger-Dyson equations (SDE), as well as lattice simulation of pure glue QCD, indicate that the gluon propagator and coupling constant are infrared (IR) finite. We discuss how this non-perturbative information can be introduced into the QCD perturbative expansion in a consistent scheme, showing some examples of tree level hadronic reactions that successfully fit the experimental data with the gluon propagator and coupling constant depending on a dynamically generated gluon mass. This infrared mass scale acts as a natural cutoff and eliminates some of the ad hoc parameters usually found in perturbative QCD calculations. The application of these IR finite Green's functions in the case of higher order terms of the perturbative expansion is commented.Comment: Talk at International Workshop on QCD Green's Functions, Confinement and Phenomenology, September 7-11, 2009, ECT, Trento, Italy, 12 pages, 7 figure

    Hadronic Light-Front Wavefunctions and QCD Phenomenology

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    A fundamental goal in QCD is to understand the non-perturbative structure of hadrons at the amplitude level--not just the single-particle flavor, momentum, and helicity distributions of the quark constituents, but also the multi-quark, gluonic, and hidden-color correlations intrinsic to hadronic and nuclear wavefunctions. A natural calculus for describing the bound-state structure of relativistic composite systems in quantum field theory is the light-front Fock expansion which encodes the properties of a hadrons in terms of a set of frame-independent n-particle wavefunctions. Light-front quantization in the doubly-transverse light-cone gauge has a number of remarkable advantages, including explicit unitarity, a physical Fock expansion, the absence of ghost degrees of freedom, and the decoupling properties needed to prove factorization theorems in high momentum transfer inclusive and exclusive reactions. A number of applications are discussed in these lectures, including semileptonic B decays, two-photon exclusive reactions, and deeply virtual Compton scattering. The relation of the intrinsic sea to the light-front wavefunctions is discussed. A new type of jet production reaction, "self-resolving diffractive interactions" can provide direct information on the light-front wavefunctions of hadrons in terms of their quark and gluon degrees of freedom as well as the composition of nuclei in terms of their nucleon and mesonic degrees of freedom.Comment: Invited Lectures presented at the Fifth International Workshop on Particle Physics Phenomenology, Chi-Pen, Taitung, Taiwan, 8-11 Nov 200

    QCD Phenomenology of Charm Production at HERA

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    We compare different schemes for the treatment of heavy quark production in Deep-Inelastic Scattering (DIS). For fully-integrated quantities such as F2(x,Q2)F_{2}(x,Q^{2}), we advocate the use of the General-Massive Variable-Flavor-Number (GM-VFN) scheme; we present some results showing the progress of a Next-to-Leading Order calculation in this scheme. For differential quantities, the Fixed-Flavor-Number (FFN) scheme provides a more appropriate starting point. We present a new calculation of the azimuthal distribution of charm quark production in DIS. All results have been obtained using a Monte Carlo program under development.Comment: 5 pages, Latex/aipproc, 4 figures, presented at DIS 97, Chicago, IL, April 14-18,199

    Nonperturbative QCD Phenomenology and Light Quark Physics

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    Recent progress in modeling QCD for hadron physics through truncated Dyson-Schwinger equations is reviewed. Special emphasis is put upon comparison of dressed quark propagators and the dressed quark-gluon vertex with lattice-QCD results.Comment: 6 pages, 7 figures. Invited talk at the QCD Down Under workshop at the CSSM/University of Adelaide, March 200
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