1,694 research outputs found

    Tykhe in Polybios: narrative answers to a philosophical question

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    On the composition of the Achaian synodos in Polybios’ time

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    The question of who attended the regular assemblies (synodoi) of the Achaian koinon in the 2nd century BCE is still a subject of discussion. Two main theories prevail: the synodos either was a primary assembly of all citizens or a meeting of the federal council. However, the very existence of an elected council in the koinon can be doubted, since no trace of activity of this federal body in the 3rd and the 2nd centuries BCE can be found, either in literary, or epigraphic sources. The only evidence supposedly proving the existence of an Achaian council is the frequent mention of the word boule in Polybios’ accounts of the federal assembly meetings. Attentive consideration of these passages leads to the conclusion that, in the lexicon of the Achaian historian, boule is not the official name of a state institution and does not necessarily mean “a council.” Of the two theories, seeing the synodos as a meeting of the primary assembly seems to be the most compatible with the evidence. However, in light of the recently found inscription SEG LVIII 370, we may be certain that in Polybios’ time the synodos was a representative body – and therefore not a people’s assembly in the strict sense of the word. The only reasonable interpretation of this contradictory evidence appears to be the following: the synodos was a meeting of several thousand delegates representing all the Achaian poleis, the size of each delegation being determined in proportion to the population of the community. The list of these delegates varied from meeting to meeting, and therefore the synodos should not be regarded as a body with permanent membership, such as a state council. This kind of assembly also might have served as a model for the archairesiake ekklesia of the Lykians

    Polybios to Pausanias: Arkadian Identity in the Roman Empire

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    Papers from the third international seminar on Ancient Arcadia, held at the Norwegian Institute at Athens, 7-10 May 2002Many ancient statements about Arkadia date from the Roman period, and most of what we hear from Arkadians themselves, directly from Polybios, and indirectly via Pausanias, belongs in this context. This source material combines references back to earlier 'classical' texts with the new need to position the region in the Roman empire. A few aspects of Arkadian life and culture, such as poverty, piety and a very ancient ancestry, make up a stereotype that was recognisable and could therefore be put to good use. With few exceptions this Arkadian image is positive and it could give Arkadian communities an advantage in dealing with the outside world, especially because some outsiders were keen to have a pan in this illustrious heritage

    Poseidonios, On Perseus of Macedon (169)

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    Текстоутворюючий потенціал Ремарки Фрідріха Дюренмата

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    У статті висвітлені особливості функціонування ремарки та її потенціал в розкритті стильової своєрідності драматичних творів Фрідріха Дюренмата При цитуванні документа, використовуйте посилання http://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/9963In diesem Artikel werden die funktionalen Besonderheiten der Bühnenanweisung und ihr Potential eine stilistische Individualiät der Komödien von Friedrich Dürrenmatt zu ermitteln. При цитировании документа, используйте ссылку http://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/996

    A Pontifical Document

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