31 research outputs found

    Agent Based Test and Repair of Distributed Systems

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    This article demonstrates how to use intelligent agents for testing and repairing a distributed system, whose elements may or may not have embedded BIST (Built-In Self-Test) and BISR (Built-In Self-Repair) facilities. Agents are software modules that perform monitoring, diagnosis and repair of the faults. They form together a society whose members communicate, set goals and solve tasks. An experimental solution is presented, and future developments of the proposed approach are explore

    Simple real-time QRS detector with the MaMeMi filter

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    AbstractDetection of QRS complexes in ECG signals is required to determine heart rate, and it is an important step in the study of cardiac disorders. ECG signals are usually affected by noise of low and high frequency. To improve the accuracy of QRS detectors several methods have been proposed to filter out the noise and detect the characteristic pattern of QRS complex. Most of the existing methods are at a disadvantage from relatively high computational complexity or high resource needs making them less optimized for its implementation on portable embedded systems, wearable devices or ultra-low power chips. We present a new method to detect the QRS signal in a simple way with minimal computational cost and resource needs using a novel non-linear filter

    Opportunity for Comparison

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    Im letzten Jahr wurde auch in Japan ein Ranking von Umweltberichten durchgeführt. Die Anlehnung an die Methode des IÖW/ future-Rankings in Deutschland ermöglicht aufschlussreiche Vergleiche

    Interference sources in congested environments and its effects in UHF-RFID systems : a review

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    In scenario where radio frequency identification (RFID) readers become increasingly common in hand held devices, the radios are prone to several interferences not only from external radio sources but also from the plurality of portable devices that may become more common over time. For that reason it is of interest to well understand how these radio interferences may be influencing a UHF-RFID transceiver working according to EPCglobal Class-1 Gen-2. In particular, in this paper, the combination of interference coming from the self-radio, from other radio systems, such as mobile phone or other RFID reader, is analyzed, and such effects are combined with the appearance of multiple tag antennas interfering each other. A method based on simulation using tag antenna design is presented to evaluate inter-tag interference in a variety of cases. For a better understanding analytic examples are presented to compute such interference interactions within the RFID system

    Microdot - A Four-Bit Microcontroller Designed for Distributed Low-End Computing in Satellites

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    Many satellites are an integrated collection of sensors and actuators that require dedicated real-time control. For single processor systems, additional sensors require an increase in computing power and speed to provide the multi-tasking capability needed to service each sensor. Faster processors cost more and consume more power, which taxes a satellite\u27s power resources and may lead to shorter satellite lifetimes. An alternative design approach is a distributed network of small and low power microcontrollers designed for space that handle the computing requirements of each individual sensor and actuator. The design of microdot, a four-bit microcontroller for distributed low-end computing, is presented. The design is based on previous research completed at the Space Electronics Branch, Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL/VSSE) at Kirtland AFB, NM, and the Air Force Institute of Technology at Wright-Patterson AFB, OH. The Microdot has 29 instructions and a 1K x 4 instruction memory. The distributed computing architecture is based on the Philips Semiconductor I2C Serial Bus Protocol. A prototype was implemented and tested using an Altera Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). The prototype was operable to 9.1 MHz. The design was targeted for fabrication in a radiation-hardened-by-design gate-array cell library for the TSMC 0.35 micrometer CMOS process

    Agent Based Test and Repair of Distributed Systems

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    This article demonstrates how to use intelligent agents for testing and repairing a distributed system, whose elements may or may not have embedded BIST (Built-In Self-Test) and BISR (Built-In Self-Repair) facilities. Agents are software modules that perform monitoring, diagnosis and repair of the faults. They form together a society whose members communicate, set goals and solve tasks. An experimental solution is presented, and future developments of the proposed approach are explored

    The Snap! toolkit : a model for pluggable monitoring

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    Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Planning. Program in Media Arts and Sciences, 2000.Includes bibliographical references (leaves 51-52).Thousands of engineering hours have been spent duplicating efforts as independent groups, each toward their own application, all build the core parts of a body monitoring system. A search of the National Library of Medicine's MEDLINE database on the words "physiology" and "monitoring" returns a list of 66,461 documents from 1966 to present. This thesis describes the Snap! sensor architecture, a toolkit designed to address this problem. It provides a set of modules and interconnect protocols to give the system designer a foundation from which to build embedded sensor devices. By defining a set of standards that maximize both modularity and flexibility, Snap! has eliminated the need to constantly rebuild the fundamental pieces of a monitor. Because of its organization, Snap! is particularly suited to the rapid prototyping of experimental systems.by Matthew B. Lau.S.M

    Reconfigurable system for wireless power transfer (WPT) and near field communications (NFC)

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    In this paper, it is investigated the possibility of using near field communication (NFC), normally applied for communicating two proximity devices, to power-up external circuitry, such as low power wireless sensors, or energy scavenging devices. For this purpose, the possibility of combining both features in a single system, able to communicate with neighboring devices via NFC and to transfer power from one device to another [wireless power transfer (WPT)], has been studied. After taking considerations on antenna design, both for NFC and WPT, a reconfigurable circuitry optimized for data and energy transfer is proposed. The circuit provides optimal close proximity wireless magnetic communications, and is able to use the same device for optimal energy transfer. This feature has been implemented and demonstrated using PCB antennas, NFC reader with a mobile phone or NFC-tag and a circuitry for charging an external Io-Li battery. The results show an improvement of the energy transfer when such circuit capability is turned on
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