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Determination of the Hubble constant, the intrinsic scatter of luminosities of Type Ia SNe, and evidence for non-standard dust in other galaxies

By X. Wang, L. Wang, R. Pain, Xu Zhou and Zhenyu Li

Abstract

40 pages, 9 figures, ApJ in pressA sample of 109 type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) with recession velocity < 30,000 km s^{-1}, is compiled from published SNe Ia light curves to explore the expansion rate of the local Universe. Based on the color parameter delta C_{12} and the decline rate delta m_{15}, we found that the average absorption to reddening ratio for SN Ia host galaxies to be R_{UBVI} = 4.37+/-0.25, 3.33+/-0.11, 2.30+/-0.11, 1.18+/-0.11, which are systematically lower than the standard values in the Milky Way. We investigated the correlations of the intrinsic luminosity with light curve decline rate, color index, and supernova environmental parameters. In particular, we found SNe Ia in E/S0 galaxies to be brighter close to the central region than those in the outer region, which may suggest a possible metallicity effect on SN luminosity. The dependence of SN luminosity on galactic environment disappears after corrections for the extinction and delta C_{12}. The Hubble diagrams constructed using 73 Hubble flow SNe Ia yield a 1-sigma scatter of <0.12 mag in BVI bands and ~0.16 mag in U band. The luminosity difference between normal SNe Ia and peculiar objects (including SN 1991bg-like and 1991T-like events) has now been reduced to within 0.15 mag via delta C_{12} correction. We use the same precepts to correct the nearby SNe Ia with Cepheid distances and found that the fully corrected absolute magnitudes of SNe Ia are: M_{B} = -19.33+/-0.06 mag, M_{V} = -19.27+/-0.05 mag. We deduced a value for the Hubble constant of H_{0} = 72 +/- 6 (total) km s^{-1} Mpc^{-1}

Topics: [PHYS.ASTR.CO] Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/Cosmology and Extra-Galactic Astrophysics [astro-ph.CO], [SDU.ASTR] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
Year: 2006
DOI identifier: 10.1086/504312
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:in2p3-00130881v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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