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(1989). Communication as Culture
Communicative Entitlements and Democracy: the Future of the Digital Divide Debate’
Consuming Technologies, Silverstone, Television and Everyday Life.
(1999). Distant Suffering
(1999). Finding About the World from Television News: some Difficulties’,
following our earlier discussion of the term ‘public’, we distinguish between ‘public’ action (actions in relation to potentially contentious issues) and civic action (where nothing contentious need be involved).
(2004). For an extension of these ideas to media research, see N. Couldry, ‘Theorising Media as Practice’,
For details of our diary and survey samples, see Couldry, Livingstone and Markham, Media Consumption and Public Engagement, appendices 1A and 2B.
For more detail, see Couldry,
(2006). For more detailed analysis of Kylie’s situation as an example of the contradictions of the mediated public sphere, see
For the ambiguities of the hyphenated ‘citizen-consumer’ couplet in current UK debates on media and communications regulation, see Livingstone, Lunt and Miller, ‘Citizens and Consumers’.
(2001). For the class-based distribution of opportunities to do voluntary work see
(2003). funded under the ESRC/ AHRC Cultures of Consumption programme (grant number RES-143-25-0011), whose financial support is gratefully acknowledged.
(2006). In our survey we found that social expectation to keep up to date with ‘what’s going on in the world’ was important in predicting news engagement, itself a factor in predicting political interest : see
Internet use and access still remains highly socially stratified according to our survey (and indeed most other research).
(1987). Material Culture and Mass Consumption
(2001). Material Politics: an introduction’,
(2003). Media and the Restyling of Politics (London,
(2005). Media Consumption and Public Connection: Towards a Typology of the Dispersed Citizen’,
Media Consumption and Public Engagement, chapter 8.
(2004). Modern Social Imaginaries
Of those 60%, 86% said they accessed the internet at home, suggesting a lower figure for home internet access.
(2001). Ordinary consumption and Personal identity: Radio and the Middle classes in the North West of England’,
(2005). Our survey was conducted in 3-5
(2001). Public Goods Private Goods (Princeton,
(1996). Radio Television and Modern Life
(2003). Reconfiguring Civic Culture in the New Media Milieu’,
(2002). Social Consequences of the Internet
(1996). Social Practices: A Wittgenstinian Approach to Human Activity and the Social (Cambridge,
(1994). Television and Everyday Life
(1997). The basic threshold of deliberative democracy is that ‘each citizen [is] able to initiate deliberation and participate effectively in it’
(1963). The Civic Culture
(2005). The Internet, public spheres, and political communication: Dispersion and deliberation’,
(2006). The latter including an exercise in citizen involvement in budget-setting (Power Report, The Report of Power: An independent Inquiry into Britain’s Democracy (London,
(1961). The Long Revolution (Harmondsworth,
(1997). The Market and the Forum’, in J. Bohman and W. Rehg (eds) Deliberative Democracy
(2002). The Real Digital Divide: Citizens Versus Consumers’,
The Report of Power: An independent Inquiry into Britain’s Democracy (London,
(1995). The Sociology of Consumption’,
(1998). The Uncivic Culture: Communication, Identity, and the Rise of Lifestyle Politics.’
(1994). The Virtual Community (London,
(1997). The word ‘public’ is notoriously difficult, since it has a range of conflicting meanings
(2005). This contrasts with a recent US survey in which 24% of people name the internet as a principal news source. See Pew report “Public More Critical of Press, But Goodwill Persists”,
This point is fully argued in
This requires a link between discussion and effective decision-making(J. Cohen, ‘Deliberation and Democratic Legitimacy’
(1991). Though this is a difficult distinction to maintain: see Corner’s distinction between the scholarly analysis of ‘public knowledge and that of popular culture’
(2002). Toward a Theory of Social Practices,’
Toward a Theory of Social Practices’,
which discussed domestic information and communication technologies.
Yet the grounds for regulatory intervention in this market are often framed in terms of citizen interests – universal service obligation, broadcasting codes, journalists ethics, and so forth (S.