Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Liberalization of Trade in Services under ASEAN+n: A Mapping Exercise

By Hikari Ishido

Abstract

This study maps out the degree of liberalization of trade in services under four ASEAN+n frameworks. After constructing a database showing the existence of limitations on market access and/or national treatment by each service sector, the study finds that the commitment level differs greatly between sensitive and less sensitive sectors, and that the commitment level under the ASEAN Framework Agreement (AFAS) is the highest among the four FTAs studied. It also finds that there are cross-country and sector-wide similarities in the pattern of service sector commitment under and across each of the FTAs; this implies that the shared domestic sensitivities can be overcome by a shared economic cooperation scheme for enhancing competitiveness (through FTA provisions). The study further highlights that, overall, Mode 4 (movement of people) gains least commitment, whereas Mode 2 (consumption abroad) gains most commitment under all the four FTAs studied. Turning to policy implications, there are two possibilities on the sequence of further streamlining the four FTAs: (1)Start within the same “clusters” among similarly committed countries under a particular FTA; then harmonize the level of commitments across all the signatory countries to the FTA; or (2) Start with harmonizing rather dissimilar countries from different “clusters” of commitments under a particular FTA, which provides small-scale “social experimenting”; then scale up this line of effort at an acceptably later stage to the level of the whole FTA, then eventually attempt to harmonize across all the FTAs centering on ASEAN. Further study along these lines is needed.

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. Air Transport Services
  2. archives, museums and other cultural services
  3. Auxiliary to All Modes of Transport
  4. Banking and Other Financial Services
  5. Building Completion and Finishing Work
  6. Commission Agents'
  7. Construction Work for Building
  8. Construction work for Civil Engineering
  9. Cultural and Sporting Services
  10. (2009). East Asian Preferential Trade Agreements in Services: Liberalization Content and WTO Rules.” World Trade Review,
  11. Estate Services
  12. Hotels and Restaurants
  13. Human Health Services
  14. Installation and Assembly Work
  15. Insurance and Insurance-related Services
  16. News Agency Services
  17. Refuse Disposal Services
  18. Rental/Leasing Services without Operators
  19. Retailing Services
  20. Sanitation and Similar Services
  21. Sporting and Other Recreational Services
  22. Tourist Guides Services
  23. Travel Agencies and Tour Operators Services
  24. Wholesale Trade Services

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.