Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Decentralizing Bolivia: local government in the jungle

By Jean-Paul Faguet

Abstract

Does decentralization change policy outputs at the local level? If so, for better or worse? Do such changes reflect deep changes in the policy-making process itself, or are they related to technical parameters in the flow of funds? Why do some local governments respond well to decentralization while others respond badly? These are some of the most important questions surrounding the issue of decentralization, which remain open despite a large related literature. This paper seeks to answer some of these questions for the remarkable case of Bolivia, through a blend of econometric analysis at the national level and detailed qualitative research into local political and institutional processes. I argue that the "outputs" of decentralization are simply the aggregate of local-level political and institutional dynamics, and so to understand decentralization we must first understand how local government works. Hence we examine what decentralization did at the national level, and then dig down into local government processes to understand how it did it

Topics: JC Political theory, JS Local government Municipal government
Publisher: MIT Press
Year: 2006
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lse.ac.uk:479
Provided by: LSE Research Online
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/479/1... (external link)
  • http://mitpress.mit.edu/main/h... (external link)
  • http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/479/ (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    Citations

    1. A hodgepodge, including feasibility studies, technical assistance and emergency relief, that is difficult to categorize.
    2. (2000). A Not-So-Dismal-Science: A Broader View of Economies and Societies. doi
    3. (1956). A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures.” doi
    4. According to him, the city’s population rose from 3,000 to 38,000 over 54 years.
    5. All respondents were asked to rate public investment projects and the quality of local public services on the following scale: Very Bad –
    6. (1957). An Economic Theory of Democracy. doi
    7. Ana López, Director of Caritas (NGO),
    8. (1997). Ana López, NGO director, interview,
    9. (1997). Antelo, municipal councilman (MNR),
    10. (1998). Applying a Simple Measure of Good Governance to the Debate on Fiscal Decentralization.” Policy Research Working Paper 1894. doi
    11. (1993). Arakuarenda: Un Centro Intercultural de Capacitación Para el Desarrollo Guaraní. Arakuarenda/FIS: La Paz. Calderón
    12. At the time MNR strategists gleefully predicted such a result. They proved wrong.
    13. (1997). Barbery and Erland Ayllón Parada, municipal council president (MIR) and member (independent, ex-MNR), interview,
    14. Cacho owned Guayaramerín’s two other TV stations.
    15. (1997). Casangeli, Chamber of Industry and Commerce secretary, interview,
    16. (1997). census. Sisters Pilar and Teresa and Prof. Oscar Velázquez,
    17. (1999). Centralized versus Decentralized Provision of Local Public Goods: A Political Economy Analysis.” NBER Working Paper 7084. doi
    18. CETHA is a church-supported institution specializing in adult education.
    19. (2000). Decentralization and Corruption: Evidence across Countries.” Working Paper No. doi
    20. (1983). Decentralization and Development: Policy Implementation in Developing Countries. Beverly Hills:
    21. (1998). Decentralization and Rural Development: A Review of Evidence.”
    22. (1983). Decentralization in Developing Countries: A Review of Recent Experience.” World Bank Staff Working Paper No.581.
    23. (1988). Decentralization in the Public Sector: An Empirical Study of State and Local Government.” In
    24. (1990). Decentralization: The Politics doi
    25. (1985). Decentralization: The Territorial Dimension of the State. doi
    26. (1995). Decentralization: The Way Forward for Rural Development?” Policy Research Working Paper 1475. doi
    27. (1994). Decentralizing Infrastructure: For Good or Ill?” Policy Research Working Paper
    28. (1994). Decentralizing Infrastructure: For Good or Ill?” Policy Research Working Paper 1258. Washington DC:
    29. (2002). Decentralizing the Provision of Public Services in Bolivia: Institutions, Political Competition and the Effectiveness of Local Government.” PhD Dissertation, London School of Economics.
    30. (1992). El Proceso de Descentralisación Administrativa en Bolivia. La Paz: Los Amigos del Libro.
    31. (1993). Electoral (Dirección de Informática). Estadística de Votación Absoluta: Elecciones Municipales de
    32. (1997). electricity cooperative president, money-lender and hotel owner, interview,
    33. (1997). Emilse Choquere and Santiago Méndez, community officers, interview, 1 o de Mayo,
    34. (1997). Emilse Choquere and Santiago Méndez, community officers, interview, 1o de Mayo,
    35. (1994). Enhancing Participation and Institutional Performance: Democratic Decentralization in South Asia and West Africa.” London: Overseas Development Administration.
    36. (2001). Fiscal Decentralization in Developing Countries: A Review of Current Concepts and doi
    37. (1995). Fiscal Federalism and Decentralization: A Review of Some Efficiency
    38. (1995). Fiscal Federalism and Decentralization: A Review of Some Efficiency and Macroeconomic Aspects.”
    39. (1972). Fiscal Federalism. doi
    40. (1993). Historia de Bolivia. La Paz: Libreria-Editorial Juventud.
    41. (1997). Historia de la Paticipación Popular. La Paz: Ministerio de Desarrollo Humano - Secretaría Nacional de Participación
    42. (1997). Historia de la Paticipación Popular. La Paz: Ministerio de Desarrollo Humano - Secretaría Nacional de Participación Popular.
    43. (1997). hospital director, interview,
    44. (1997). I adhere to local definitions, where large is more than 1,000 head of cattle, medium is 300-600, and small is less than 300.
    45. (1997). I adhere to local definitions, where large is more than 1,000 head of cattle, medium is 300-600, and small is less than 300. El Cairo, op. cit. See Chapter 4, Box 3: The Slavery of Captive Communities, for a description of the general phenomenon.
    46. (1993). Informe Sobre Desarrollo Humano doi
    47. (1993). Institutional Incentives and Sustainable Development: Infrastructure Policies in Perspective.
    48. (1997). Interview. World Bank rural development officer, La Paz,
    49. (1997). Interview. World Bank rural development officer, La Paz, 14 February. Unidad de Comunicación, Secretaría Nacional de Participación Popular.
    50. Investment sums here are much lower because they exclude central government funds.
    51. (1997). Jasiakiri community leader, interview,
    52. (1996). La Construcción Municipal de Bolivia. La Paz: Editora Ateneo.
    53. (1994). La Declaratoria de Guerra del Primer Mandatario”, La Razon,
    54. (1997). La Participación Popular como Reforma de la Política: Evidencia de una Cultura Democrática Boliviana. La Paz: Muela de Diablo.
    55. (1995). Local government in Latin America. doi
    56. (1993). Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. doi
    57. (1996). Making Social Science Work Across Space and Time: A Critical Reflection on Robert Putnam’s Making Democracy Work.” doi
    58. (1997). Manlio Roca, port (customs) manager, ex-mayor and ex-MP, interview,
    59. (1997). Matriz Resumen de las Auditorías SAYCO Practicadas en Gobiernos Municipales Categoría "C" (Pob. Mayor a 15,000 y Menor a 50,000 Hab.) Efectuados a la Fecha. La Paz.
    60. (1997). municipal technical advisor and ex-municipal council president, interview,
    61. (1997). neighborhood council president, interview,
    62. Organizaciones Territoriales de Base in Spanish, or OTBs.
    63. (1995). Organizational Theory: From Chester Barnard to the Present and Beyond. Expanded Edition. doi
    64. (1990). Para Comprender Las Culturas Rurales en Bolivia.
    65. (1995). Paradojas de la Modernidad. La Paz:
    66. (1993). Participation Why & When? The Costs and Benefits of Democratic Processes.” London School of Economics:
    67. (1997). Popular Participation and Decentralization in Bolivia: Building Accountability From the Grass Roots.” La Paz:
    68. (1998). Popular: Avances y
    69. (1997). port (customs) manager, ex-mayor and ex-MP, interview,
    70. Power and Prosperity: Outgrowing Communist and Capitalist Dictatorships. doi
    71. (1997). president of the Nicolás Carageorge neighborhood council, interview,
    72. (1979). Proceso y Sentencia a la Reforma Agraria en Bolivia. La Paz: Los Amigos del Libro.
    73. (1984). Rebellion in the Veins: Political Struggle in Bolivia 1952-82. doi
    74. (1999). Relative Capture of Local and Central Governments: An Essay in the Political Economy of Decentralization.”
    75. Rodríguez was widely denounced by people throughout Guayaramerín.
    76. (1997). Secretaría Nacional de Inversión Pública y Financiamento Externo.
    77. (1994). Secretaría Nacional de Participación Popular, Ministerio de Desarrollo Sostenible y Medio Ambiente, doi
    78. (1995). Secretaría Nacional de Participación Popular.
    79. See Chapter 4, Box 3: The Slavery of Captive Communities, for a description of the general phenomenon.
    80. (1989). Territorial Power and the Peripheral State: doi
    81. (2003). The arguments in this section are based on Faguet
    82. The Determinants of Central vs. Local Government Investment: Institutions and Politics Matter”, doi
    83. (1995). The Economic Role of Political Institutions: Market-Preserving Federalism and Economic Development.”
    84. (1979). The Fiscal Performance of Local Governments: An Interpretative Review.” In
    85. (1965). The Logic of Collective Action. doi
    86. (1999). The Political Economy of Democratic Decentralization. doi
    87. (2001). The Quiet Revolution: The Rise of Political Participation and Leading Cities with Decentralization doi
    88. (1994). The Reform of Inter-Governmental Fiscal Relations doi
    89. (1999). To What Extent Can Decentralized Forms
    90. (1997). TV station owner and ADN chief, interview,
    91. (1996). Unidad de Investigación y Analisis, Secretaría Nacional de Participación Popular.
    92. (1995). Votos y Wiphalas: Campesinos y Pueblos Originarios en Democracia. La Paz: Fundación Milenio -
    93. (1997). was widely denounced by people throughout Guayaramerín.
    94. (1994). World Development Report: Infrastructure for Development. doi

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.