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Minimum Complexity Pursuit for Universal Compressed Sensing

By Shirin Jalali, Arian Maleki and Richard Baraniuk


The nascent field of compressed sensing is founded on the fact that high-dimensional signals with "simple structure" can be recovered accurately from just a small number of randomized samples. Several specific kinds of structures have been explored in the literature, from sparsity and group sparsity to low-rankness. However, two fundamental questions have been left unanswered, namely: What are the general abstract meanings of "structure" and "simplicity"? And do there exist universal algorithms for recovering such simple structured objects from fewer samples than their ambient dimension? In this paper, we address these two questions. Using algorithmic information theory tools such as the Kolmogorov complexity, we provide a unified definition of structure and simplicity. Leveraging this new definition, we develop and analyze an abstract algorithm for signal recovery motivated by Occam's Razor.Minimum complexity pursuit (MCP) requires just O(3\kappa) randomized samples to recover a signal of complexity \kappa and ambient dimension n. We also discuss the performance of MCP in the presence of measurement noise and with approximately simple signals

Topics: Computer Science - Information Theory
Year: 2013
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