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Synthesis and morphology of iron-iron oxide core-shell nanoparticles produced by high pressure gas condensation

By Lijuan Xing, Gert H. ten Brink, Bin Chen, Franz P. Schmidt, Georg Haberfehlner, Ferdinand Hofer, Bart J. Kooi and Georgios Palasantzas

Abstract

Core-shell structured Fe nanoparticles (NPs) produced by high pressure magnetron sputtering gas condensation were studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques, electron diffraction, electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS), tomographic reconstruction, and Wulff shape construction analysis. The core-shell structure, which is composed of an Fe core surrounded by a maghemite (gamma-Fe2O3) and/or magnetite (Fe3O4) shell, was confirmed by fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis combined with EELS. It was found that the particle size and shape strongly depend on the gas environment. Moreover, extensive analysis showed that NPs with a size between 10-20 nm possess a truncated cubic morphology, which is confined by the 6 {100} planes that are truncated by the 12 {110} planes at different degrees. For NPs larger than 20 nm, the rhombic dodecahedron defined by the 12 {110} planes is the predominant crystal shape, while truncated rhombic dodecahedrons, as well as non-truncated and truncated cubic NPs, were also observed. The NPs without truncation showed a characteristic inward relaxation indicating that besides thermodynamics kinetics also plays a crucial role during particle growth

Topics: nanoparticles, electron tomography, electron energy-loss spectroscopy, thermodynamics and kinetics, transmission electron microscopy, TRANSMISSION ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY, ULTRAFINE METAL PARTICLES, MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES, CORE/SHELL NANOPARTICLES, CONTRAST ENHANCEMENT, DRUG-DELIVERY, FE, SIZE, HYPERTHERMIA, RESONANCE, To be checked by Faculty
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1088/0957-4484/27/21/215703
OAI identifier:
Provided by: NARCIS
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