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Investigations into Hyperlipidemia and its Possible Associations with Pancreatitis in Dogs

By Panagiotis Xenoulis

Abstract

The relationship between hyperlipidemia and pancreatitis remains obscure in dogs. The aim of the present study was to investigate any possible association between hyperlipidemia and pancreatitis in dogs. In the first part of the study, Miniature Schnauzers with hypertriglyceridemia were found to have significantly higher serum cPLI concentrations than Miniature Schnauzers with normal serum triglyceride concentrations (P=0.0001). Also, Miniature Schnauzers with severe hypertriglyceridemia (>862 mg/dL) had 4.5 times higher odds (P=0.0343) for having a serum cPLI concentration consistent with pancreatitis. In the second part of the study, 17 Miniature Schnauzers prospectively enrolled with a history of pancreatitis were significantly more likely to have hypertriglyceridemia (71 percent) after resolution of pancreatitis than 34 age-matched Miniature Schnauzers without a history of pancreatitis (33 percent; odds ratio=5.02; P=0.0163). For the third part of the study, assessment of the feasibility and usefulness of a novel density gradient ultracentrifugation method using NaBiEDTA for lipoprotein profiling in dogs was attempted. Density gradient ultracentrifugation using NaBiEDTA was found to be useful for the study of lipoprotein profiles in dogs. Significant differences were detected in the lipoprotein profiles (mainly involving TRL and specific LDL fractions) among healthy Miniature Schnauzers, dogs of various other breeds, and hypertriglyceridemic Miniature Schnauzers. In the fourth part of the study, the effect of a commercially available low-fat diet on serum lipid and pancreas-specific lipase (Spec cPL) concentrations and lipoprotein profiles in Miniature Schnauzers with primary hypertriglyceridemia was evaluated. The study diet was found to be effective in significantly reducing serum triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations and changing the lipoprotein profiles of the dogs studied within 2 months. However, there was no significant effect of the study diet on serum Spec cPL concentrations. In the last part of the study, serum triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations and lipoprotein profiles were compared between dogs with naturally occurring pancreatitis and healthy dogs. The majority of dogs with naturally occurring pancreatitis had normal serum triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations. Important differences were identified in lipoprotein profiles between dogs with pancreatitis (higher LDL2, LDL3, and LDL4 fractions and lower TRL, HDL2a, and HDL3c fractions) and healthy control dogs

Topics: Dog, Canine, hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, pancreatitis, low-fat diet, lipoprotein, lipoprotein profile, ultracentrifugation, Miniature Schnauzer
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:oaktrust.library.tamu.edu:1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2011-05-9169

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