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Evaluation of Helicobacter pylori infection and other risk factors in patients with benign peptic ulcer disease

By Depender Kumar Timshina, Pankaja SS, Himagirish K Rao and Vikram Kate


Objective: To assess and compare the risk factors in patients with benign gastric and duodenal ulcers and to correlate the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in benign peptic ulcer disease. Methods: A total of 30 consecutive patients with peptic ulcer disease were included in this study after upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Their clinical profile and endoscopic findings were noted. Antral biopsies were subjected to histopathological examination and urease test for detection of H. pylori. Results were correlated. The study was cleared by the Institute Research Council and the Ethics committee. Results: The male: female ratio was 11:4. Overall, H. pylori infection was prevalent in 93.3% of the patients. Patients who took spicy food had a significantly higher rate of H. pylori positivity (P=0.04). Smoking, alcohol intake and NSAIDs did not affect H. pylori status in patients. There was no significant association between the site of the ulcer and H. pylori infection. Conclusions: Based on our observations we conclude that prevalence of H. pylori infection is similar in duodenal and gastric ulcers and intake of spicy food is a significant risk factor

Topics: Helicobacter pylori, Gastric ulcer, Duodenal ulcer, Dietary habits, Spicy foods, Medicine, R, Arctic medicine. Tropical medicine, RC955-962
Publisher: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease Editorial Office
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S2222-1808(11)60012-1
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