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Fatal encephalitis associated with novel influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in a child

By Faruk Incecik, M. Ozlem Hergüner, Sakir Altunbasak, Dincer Yıldızdas, Bülent Antmen, Özden Özgür and Özlem Özgür


A 4-year-old girl presented with fever, coughing, and vomiting; followed by unconsciousness. Magnetic resonance imaging showed hyperintense changes in the thalami bilaterally, brain stem, cerebellum, and subcortical cortex. Novel influenza A (H1N1) virus was identified by polymerase chain reaction in patient’s nasopharyngeal swab specimen. We reported a rare case of clinically severe, novel influenza A-associated encephalitis. Novel influenza A should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with seizures and mental status changes, especially during an influenza outbreak

Topics: Case Report
Publisher: Springer Milan
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Provided by: PubMed Central

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