Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Complement to a theory of the cognitive distortions

By Paul Franceschi


The purpose of this study is to describe a conceptual framework for cognitive distortions, which notably allows to specify more accurately their intrinsic relationships. This conceptual framework aims at inserting itself within the apparatus of cognitive therapy and of critical thinking. The present analysis is based on the following fundamental concepts: the reference class, the duality and the system of taxa. With the help of these three notions, each cognitive distortion can be defined. A distinction is also made between, on the one hand, general cognitive distortions and on the other hand, specific cognitive distortions. The present model allows then to define within the same conceptual framework the general cognitive distortions such as dichotomous reasoning, disqualifying a given pole, minimisation and maximisation. It also allows to describe as specific cognitive distortions: disqualifying the positive, selective abstraction and catastrophism. Furthermore, the present model predicts the existence of two other general cognitive distortions: the omission of the neutral and requalifying in the other pole

Topics: Cognitive Psychology, Philosophy of Mind
Year: 2006
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2004). Advances in a cognitive behavioural model of body dysmorphic disorder.
  2. (1993). Exposure, response prevention, and cognitive therapy in the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder.
  3. (2001). Mirror, mirror on the wall, who is the ugliest of them all? The psychopathology of mirror gazing in body dysmorphic disorder.
  4. (1962). Reason and Emotion in Psychotherapy, Lyle Stuart,
  5. (1963). Thinking and depression: Idiosyncratic content and cognitive distortions.
  6. (1964). Thinking and depression: Theory and therapy,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.