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Mechanism for Aar2p function as a U5 snRNP assembly factor

By Gert Weber, Vanessa F. Cristão, Flavia de L. Alves, Karine F. Santos, Nicole Holton, Juri Rappsilber, Jean D. Beggs and Markus C. Wahl


Little is known about how particle-specific proteins are assembled on spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs). Brr2p is a U5 snRNP-specific RNA helicase required for spliceosome catalytic activation and disassembly. In yeast, the Aar2 protein is part of a cytoplasmic precursor U5 snRNP that lacks Brr2p and is replaced by Brr2p in the nucleus. Here we show that Aar2p and Brr2p bind to different domains in the C-terminal region of Prp8p; Aar2p interacts with the RNaseH domain, whereas Brr2p interacts with the Jab1/MPN domain. These domains are connected by a long, flexible linker, but the Aar2p–RNaseH complex sequesters the Jab1/MPN domain, thereby preventing binding by Brr2p. Aar2p is phosphorylated in vivo, and a phospho-mimetic S253E mutation in Aar2p leads to disruption of the Aar2p–Prp8p complex in favor of the Brr2p–Prp8p complex. We propose a model in which Aar2p acts as a phosphorylation-controlled U5 snRNP assembly factor that regulates the incorporation of the particle-specific Brr2p. The purpose of this regulation may be to safeguard against nonspecific RNA binding to Prp8p and/or premature activation of Brr2p activity

Topics: Research Paper
Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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