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Helicobacter pylori Eradication by Sitafloxacin-Lansoprazole Combination and Sitafloxacin Pharmacokinetics in Mongolian Gerbils and Its In Vitro Activity and Resistance Development▿

By Tatsuo Yamamoto, Tomomi Takano, Wataru Higuchi, Akihito Nishiyama, Ikue Taneike, Kumi Yoshida, Hiroko Kanda and Yuichiro Imamura

Abstract

A total of 293 strains of Helicobacter pylori, including strains resistant to levofloxacin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, or amoxicillin, were examined for in vitro susceptibility to 10 antimicrobial agents. Among these agents, sitafloxacin (a fluoroquinolone) showed the greatest activity (MIC90, 0.06 μg/ml), with high bactericidal activity and synergy in sitafloxacin-lansoprazole (a proton pump inhibitor) combination. In a Mongolian gerbil model with a H. pylori ATCC 43504 challenge, marked eradication effects were observed at ≥1 mg/kg for sitafloxacin, ≥10 mg/kg for levofloxacin, and ≥10 mg/kg for lansoprazole, reflecting MIC levels for each agent (0.008, 0.25, and 2 μg/ml, respectively). The therapeutic rates were 83.3% for the sitafloxacin (0.3 mg/kg)-lansoprazole (2.5 mg/kg) combination and 0% for either sitafloxacin or lansoprazole alone. The maximum serum concentration (Cmax) of sitafloxacin was 0.080 ± 0.054 μg/ml at 30 min, when orally administered at 1 mg/kg. The simultaneous administration of lansoprazole resulted in no difference. In the resistance development assay, MICs of levofloxacin increased 64- to 256-fold with gyrA mutations (Ala88Pro and Asn87Lys), while MICs of sitafloxacin only up to 16-fold with the Asn87Lys mutation. The data suggest that sitafloxacin exhibited superior anti-H. pylori activity with low rates of resistance development in vitro and that, reflecting high in vitro activities, sitafloxacin-lansoprazole combination exhibited strong therapeutic effects in Mongolian gerbils with a Cmax of sitafloxacin that was 10-fold higher than the MIC value at a 1-mg/kg administration

Topics: Susceptibility
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3165289
Provided by: PubMed Central
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