(2001). al: Validation of the Delirium Rating Scale-revised-98.
(2007). Am J Health Syst Pharm 2009, 66(23):2098-2101. Campbell et al. Trials 2011, 12:139 http://www.trialsjournal.com/content/12/1/139 Page 8 of 932. Ash
(1999). American Psychiatric Association: Practice guidelines for the treatment of patients with delirium.
(1970). Angus JW: A rating scale for extrapyramidal side effects. Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl
(2007). Buttar A: Delirium in hospitalized older adults. In Primary Care Geriatrics, A Case-Based Approach Edited by: R
(2001). CH: Quality indicators for dementia in vulnerable community-dwelling and hospitalized elders. Ann Intern Med
(2001). CJ: A computerized reminder system to increase the use of preventive care for hospitalized patients.
(2006). Delirium in older persons.
(2005). Discharge Survey: Public use data file
(2002). Elswick RK: The Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale: validity and reliability in adult intensive care unit patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med
(2006). Elucidating the pathophysiology of delirium and the interrelationship of delirium and dementia.
(2001). et al: Delirium in mechanically ventilated patients: validity and reliability of the confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit (CAM-ICU). JAMA
(2007). et al: Effect of sedation with dexmedetomidine vs. lorazepam on acute brain dysfunction in mechanically ventilated patients: the MENDS randomized controlled trial. JAMA
(2006). EW: Lorazepam is an independent risk factor for transitioning to delirium in intensive care unit patients. Anesthesiology
(2007). EW: The cognitive consequences of critical illness: practical recommendations for screening and assessment. Critical Care Clinics
(2008). Fox C: Impact of anticholinergics on the aging brain: a review and practical application. Aging Health
(2004). GR: Current opinions regarding the importance, diagnosis, and management of delirium in the intensive care unit: a survey of 912 healthcare professionals. Crit Care Med
(2003). GR: Monitoring sedation status over time in ICU patients: reliability and validity of the Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale (RASS). JAMA
(2004). How do delirium and dementia increase length of stay of elderly general medical inpatients? Psychosomatics
(2010). Impact and recognition of cognitive impairment among hospitalized elders. J Hosp Med
(2006). Inouye SK: Serum biomarkers for delirium.
(2001). Inouye SK: The impact of delirium in the intensive care unit on hospital length of stay. Intensive Care Med
(2000). Is there a final common neural pathway in delirium? Focus on acetylcholine and dopamine. Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry
(2006). JC: Long-term neurocognitive function after critical illness. Chest
(2004). Kunik ME: Delirium: current trends in prevention and treatment.
(2004). Lindle-Zwirble TW: Medicare Intensive Care Unit Use: Analysis of incidence, cost, and payment. Crit Care Med
(2003). MH: Updating the Beers criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in older adults: results of a US consensus panel of experts. Arch Intern Med
(2004). National Hospital Discharge Survey. Advance data from vital and health statistics. National Center for Health Statistics
(2008). Pathophysiology of delirium in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Clin
(2009). Pharmacological Management of Delirium in Hospitalized Adults-A Systematic Evidence Review.
(2002). Symptoms of delirium among elderly medical inpatients with or without dementia.
(2002). Systematic detection and multidisciplinary care of delirium in older medical inpatients: a randomized trial. CMAJ
(2004). The association between delirium and cognitive decline: A review of the empirical literature. Neuropsychol Rev
(2010). The FDA extended warning of intravenous haloperidol and Torsades de Pointes: how should institutions respond? J Hosp Med
(2004). The Informant Questionnaire on cognitive decline in the elderly (IQCODE): a review. Int Psychogeriatr
(2003). WT: Clinical practice guidelines for the maintenance of patient physical safety in the intensive care unit: use of restraining therapies-American College of Critical Care Medicine Task Force2001-2002. Crit Care Med