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NFIL3/E4BP4 is a key transcription factor for CD8α+ dendritic cell development

By Masaki Kashiwada, Nhat-Long L. Pham, Lecia L. Pewe, John T. Harty and Paul B. Rothman


Antigen presentation by mature dendritic cells (DCs) is the first step for initiating adaptive immune responses. DCs are composed of heterogeneous functional subsets; however, the molecular mechanisms that regulate differentiation of specific DC subsets are not understood. Here, we report that the basic leucine zipper transcription factor NFIL3/E4BP4 is essential for the development of CD8α+ conventional DCs (cDCs). Nfil3−/− mice specifically lack CD8α+ cDCs but not CD8α− cDCs or plasmacytoid DCs in lymphoid tissues. Flt3 ligand–dependent generation of CD8α+ cDCs in lymphoid tissues and CD8α+-equivalent cDCs from Nfil3−/− bone marrow cells was also impaired. NFIL3 regulates CD8α+ cDC development in part through Batf3 expression. Importantly, Nfil3−/− mice exhibited impaired cross-priming of CD8+ T cells against cell-associated antigen, a process normally performed by CD8α+ cDCs, and failed to produce IL-12 after TLR3 stimulation. Thus, NFIL3 plays an essential role in the development of CD8α+ cDCs

Topics: Immunobiology
Publisher: American Society of Hematology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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