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Embolic Risk in Atrial Fibrillation that Arises from Hyperthyroidism: Review of the Medical Literature

By Elie Traube and Neil L. Coplan

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation, the most common cardiac complication of hyperthyroidism, occurs in an estimated 10% to 25% of overtly hyperthyroid patients. The prevalence of atrial fibrillation increases with age in the general population and in thyrotoxic patients. Other risk factors for atrial fibrillation in thyrotoxic patients include male sex, ischemic or valvular heart disease, and congestive heart failure. The incidence of arterial embolism or stroke in thyrotoxic atrial fibrillation is less clear. There are many reports of arterial thromboembolism associated with hyperthyroidism, including cases of young adults without coexisting risk factors other than thyrotoxic atrial fibrillation

Topics: Review
Publisher: Texas Heart Institute
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3113146
Provided by: PubMed Central
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