Article thumbnail

Decreased Heart Rate Variability in HIV Positive Patients Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy: Importance of Blood Glucose and Cholesterol

By Gro Askgaard, Ulrik Sloth Kristoffersen, Jesper Mehlsen, Gitte Kronborg, Andreas Kjaer and Anne-Mette Lebech


The presence of autonomic dysfunction in HIV patients is largely unknown. Early studies found autonomic dysfunction in patients with AIDS. Antiretroviral combination therapy (ART) has dramatically changed the course of the disease and improved prognosis and decreased morbidity

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: Public Library of Science
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles


  1. (1998). A syndrome of peripheral lipodystrophy, hyperlipidaemia and insulin resistance in patients receiving HIV protease inhibitors.
  2. (2007). Autonomic dysfunction in HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy: studies of heart rate variability.
  3. (1990). Autonomic function and human immunodeficiency virus infection.
  4. (2000). Autonomic neuropathy in patients with HIV: course, impact of disease stage, and medication.
  5. (1991). Autonomic neuropathy is common in human immunodeficiency virus infection.
  6. (2000). Cardiac autonomic dysfunction in AIDS is not secondary to heart failure.
  7. (2002). Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in Africans infected with human immunodeficiency virus.
  8. (1998). Declining morbidity and mortality among patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection.
  9. (2003). Heart rate recovery following maximal exercise testing as a predictor of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men with diabetes.
  10. (2004). Heart rate variability in human immunodeficiency virus-positive individuals.
  11. (1991). High frequency of human immunodeficiency virus-associated autonomic neuropathy and more severe involvement in advanced stages of human immunodeficiency virus disease.
  12. (1996). Impact of reduced heart rate variability on risk for cardiac events. The Framingham Heart Study.
  13. (1999). Impaired chronotropic response to exercise stress testing as a predictor of mortality.
  14. (2004). Importance of the first two minutes of heart rate recovery after exercise treadmill testing in predicting mortality and the presence of coronary artery disease in men.
  15. (2008). Post-exercise heart rate recovery in HIV-positive individuals on highly active antiretroviral therapy. Early indicator of cardiovascular disease?