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A Complementary Alternative Medicine Questionnaire for Young Adults

By Christine Patterson and Heather Arthur

Abstract

Limited information exists on how adolescents decide to use complementary/alternative medicine (CAM). There are also no instruments specific to CAM, for the young adult population, which makes it difficult to explore knowledge in this area. The purpose of this study was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the CAM Questionnaire for Young Adults which measures young adults’ attitudes about CAM. Participants for this cross-sectional survey were selected from enrolled undergraduate students at an urban university. Factor analysis identified three subscales: 1) positive beliefs about CAM; 2) environmental influence; and 3) psychological comfort. The scale has good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.79) and shows beginning demonstration of validity. Its use in this sample revealed that young adults who are female and have used CAM in the past for preventing or treating illness have the most positive attitude towards CAM and the greatest likelihood for continued use. The implication that prevention may play a role in young adults’ attitudes about CAM is a potential focus for future research

Topics: Original Research
Publisher: Libertas Academica
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3093681
Provided by: PubMed Central

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  8. CAM providers on a daily basis
  9. CAM providers on a monthly basis
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  20. I do not see CAM providers
  21. I do not take natural health products
  22. I have never used CAM
  23. I take natural health products less often than once a year
  24. I take natural health products on a daily basis
  25. I take natural health products on a monthly basis
  26. I take natural health products on a weekly basis
  27. I take natural health products once a year
  28. I use CAM with treatments given to me by my medical doctor
  29. Identify the statement that best describes your health care practices:
  30. involves natural plant formulas which are more healthy than taking drugs given by the medical doctor
  31. natural health products and therapies do you use or have you used in the past? (Check all that apply)
  32. Other________________________ If you answered that you have never used CAM, skip to Part C.
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  35. religious traditions infl uence your decisions about health care? (Check all that apply)
  36. Thank You Part C: Your beliefs about CAM use In this section, young adult is an individual between the ages of 15 and 21 years of age.
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  42. the statement that best describes your level of involvement with a CAM provider. (Check only one box)
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  48. What is your age?_________________
  49. would you say your health is:
  50. you used complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) for: (Check all that apply)
  51. Young adults are more empowered when using CAM because CAM providers involve them in decisions about their health care treatments
  52. Young adults are more likely to use CAM if coaches and teachers discuss it with them
  53. Young adults are more likely to use CAM if their friends are using it
  54. Young adults believe that CAM builds up the body’s own defenses and promotes self-healing
  55. Young adults believe that taking CAM therapies is not harmful
  56. Young adults who believe in the physical, mental and spiritual aspects of health are more likely to use CAM
  57. Young adults who fear the discomfort of treatments from medical doctors are more likely to use CAM
  58. Young adults would be more likely to use CAM if there were more CAM clinics