Etravirine is a novel nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) for the treatment of HIV-1 infections. ABC transporters potentially mediate clinically relevant drug-drug interactions. We assessed substrate characteristics and the inhibitory and inductive potential of etravirine on ABC transporters. Etravirine did not inhibit P-gp/ABCB1 and was not transported by the tested ABC transporters but was a potent inhibitor of BCRP/ABCG2. Etravirine induced several ABC transporters, especially BCRP/ABCG2. These data demonstrate that etravirine has the potential for drug-drug interactions by modulation of expression and function of several ABC transporters
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