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Effects of MK-801 (dizocilpine) on brain cell membrane function and energy metabolism in experimental Escherichia coli meningitis in the newborn piglet.

By Sun Young Ko, Jae Won Shim, Sung Shin Kim, Mi Jung Kim, Yun Sil Chang, Won Soon Park, Son Moon Shin and Mun Hyang Lee


We evaluated the efficacy of non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist MK-801 (dizocilpine) as an adjuvant therapy in experimental neonal bacterial meningitis. Meningitis was induced by injecting 10(6) colony forming units of Escherichia coli into the cisterna magna. MK-801 3 mg/kg was given as a bolus intravenous injection, 30 min before the induction of meningitis. MK-801 did not down-modulate the inflammatory parameters, such as increased intracranial pressure, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leukocytosis, increased lactate and TNF-alpha levels in the CSF, and hypoglycorrhachia observed in the meningitis group. MK-801 did not significantly attenuate the elevated glutamate concentration in the CSF. However, MK-801 showed some neuroprotective effects as evidenced by significant attenuation of cerebral lipid peroxidation products (conjugated dienes) and increase of brain high-energy phosphate compounds (ATP and PCr). Improvement in cerebral cortical cell membrane Na+, K+ -ATPase activity did not reach a statistical significance. These results suggest that MK-801 was effective in ameliorating brain injury in neonatal bacterial meningitis, although it failed to attenuate the inflammatory responses

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
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Provided by: PubMed Central

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