The present invention relates to the fields of life sciences and food, feed or pharmaceutical industry. Specifically, the invention relates to novel peptides, pilus structures, polynucleotides as well as vectors, host cells, products and pharmaceutical compositions comprising the polynucleotides, peptides or pilus structures. The invention also relates to gene clusters and antibodies. Furthermore, the present invention relates to methods for producing the peptides or pilus structures or producing the products comprising the peptides or pilus structures. Furthermore, the present invention relates to treatments as well as uses and methods for screening bacterial strains, for reducing or inhibiting the adhesion of pathogenic bacteria, promoting the adhesion of bacterial cells to the mucus and for modifying immune response in a subject. Still, the present invention relates to methods for detecting probiotic bacterial strains or pathogen strain
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