Emphasis is being given to early contact by medical students with patients, and curricula are being designed to address this trend. Although teaching of clinical skills mostly depends on the traditional "apprenticeship" model, there is insufficient supervision of students while they examine the patients. This leads to the lack of acquisition of good clinical skills and some patient-student frustrations during examination by inexperienced students. The problem is greater in pediatric departments. One way to overcome this is to observe the students while they take a history and do a physical examination and to give them feedback. On the other hand, objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) should be used more in pediatric examinations to make use of the steering effect such examinations have on student achievement. However, OSCEs should not be the only student assessment tool, but should be complemented by other examination methods
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