Article thumbnail

The functions of postpartum depression

By Edward Hagen

Abstract

Evolutionary approaches to parental care suggest that parents will not automatically invest in all offspring, and should reduce or eliminate investment in their children if the costs outweigh the benefits. Lack of paternal or social support will increase the costs born by mothers, whereas infant health problems will reduce the evolutionary benefits to be gained. Numerous studies support the correlation between postpartum depression (PPD) and lack of social support or indicators of possible infant health and development problems. PPD may be an adaptation that informs mothers that they are suffering or have suffered a fitness cost, that motivates them to reduce or eliminate investment in offspring under certain circumstances, and that may help them negotiate greater levels of investment from others. PPD also appears to be a good model for depression in general

Topics: Sociobiology, Clinical Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology
Year: 1999
OAI identifier: oai:cogprints.org:1720

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1988). (Eds.). Cambridge:
  2. (1986). (Eds.). New York: Aldine De Gruyter. doi
  3. (1996). A meta-analysis of the relationship between postpartum depression and infant temperament.
  4. (1984). A prospective study of emotional disorders in childbearing women.
  5. (1991). Affective Disorders.
  6. (1990). An Evolutionary Analysis Of Psychological Pain Following Rape. 1. The Effects Of Victims Age And Marital Status.
  7. (1990). Biological signals as handicaps. doi
  8. (1996). Care of the patient with severe pregnancy induced hypertension.
  9. (1996). Correlates of postnatal depression in mothers and fathers.
  10. (1992). Course and correlates of postpartum depression during the transition to parenthood.
  11. (1998). Darwinian Psychiatry.
  12. (1996). Demographic and Obstetric Risk Factors for Postnatal Psychiatric Morbidity.
  13. (1995). Depression prevalence and incidence among inner-city pregnant and postpartum women.
  14. (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
  15. (1995). Discriminative Parental Solicitude and the Relevance of Evolutionary Models to the Analysis of Motivational Systems.
  16. (1986). Disturbances in post-partum adaptation and depressive symptomatology.
  17. (1989). Do Reproductive Patterns Affect Maternal Nutritional Status? An Analysis of Maternal Depletion in Lesotho. doi
  18. (1979). Effects of Nutritional Status on Fertility in Rural Guatemala.
  19. (1982). Father absence and reproductive strategy.
  20. (1979). Female infanticide, reproductive strategies, and social stratification: A preliminary model. In Evolutionary biology and human social
  21. (1992). Fitness tradeoffs in the history and evolution of delegated mothering with special reference to wet-nursing, abandonment, and infanticide.
  22. (1993). Hope, and Sex: Life-History Theory and the Development of Reproductive Strategies.
  23. (1993). How Humans Relate.
  24. (1989). Human Nature and Suffering. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. doi
  25. (1988). Human reproductive behavior: A Darwinian perspective. Cambridge:
  26. (1984). Human sex-ratio manipulation: Historical data from a German parish.
  27. (1980). Life events and social support in puerperal depression.
  28. (1994). Maternal deaths among women with pregnancies outside of family planning in Sichuan,
  29. (1982). Mechanisms in major depressive disorder: an evolutionary model. doi
  30. (1992). Nurturance or Negligence: Maternal Psychology and Behavioral Preference Among Preterm Twins.
  31. (1991). object relations theory, and empirical evidence from motherinfant interactions. Special Issue: The effects of relationships on relationships.
  32. (1991). partners or personality? Risk factors for postnatal depression.
  33. (1998). Postnatal depression: the impact on the family.
  34. (1987). Postnatal diappearance of the pregnancy associated reduced sensitivity of plasma cortisol to feedback inhibition.
  35. (1995). Postpartum depression : causes and consequences.
  36. (1996). Postpartum depression as an adaptation to paternal and kin exploitation.
  37. (1984). Postpartum depression in primiparous parents.
  38. (1988). Postpartum depression: A comprehensive review.
  39. (1984). Postpartum depression: A critical review.
  40. (1984). Postpartum depression: A review.
  41. (1983). Postpartum depression: A role for social network and life stress variables.
  42. (1997). Postpartum psychiatric illness in Arab culture: Prevalence and psychosocial correlates. doi
  43. (1982). Predicting depressive symptomatology: Cognitive-behavioral models and postpartum depression.
  44. (1991). Predicting postpartum depressive symptoms: A structural modelling analysis. doi
  45. (1985). Pregnancy problems, postpartum depression, and early mother-infant interactions. doi
  46. (1991). Prevalence and correlates of postpartum depression in firsttime mothers.
  47. (1989). Prevalence rates and demographic characteristics associated with depression in pregnancy and the postpartum. doi
  48. (1991). Prospective investigation of postpartum depression: Factors involved in onset and recovery. doi
  49. (1984). Prospective study of postpartum depression: Prevalence, course, and predictive factors.
  50. (1984). Psychiatric disorder in pregnancy and the first postnatal year.
  51. (1996). Relationships among prenatal maternal attachment, presence of postnatal depressive symptoms, and maternal role attainment. doi
  52. (1987). Role of infant-related stressors in postpartum depression.
  53. (1992). Sex differences in vulnerability and maladjustment as a function of parental investment: An evolutionary approach.
  54. (1980). Social Relationships, Adversity and Neurosis: A Study of Associations in a General Population Sample.
  55. (1981). Social relationships, adversity and neurosis: an analysis of prospective observations.
  56. (1994). Social support and postpartum depression. doi
  57. (1986). Social support, life events, and depression during pregnancy and the puerperium.
  58. (1998). Stress and human reproductive behavior: Attractiveness, women’s sexual development, postpartum depression, and baby’s cry.
  59. (1992). The adapted mind: Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture.:
  60. (1989). The costs of children and the adaptive scheduling of births: Towards a sociobiological perspective on demography.
  61. (1998). The Defection hypothesis vs. the Niche Hypothesis of Major Depression. Paper presented at the ASCAP Annual Meeting,
  62. (1995). The effects of postpartum depression on maternal-infant interaction: a metaanalysis.
  63. (1992). The effects of psychosocial factors on the emotional well-being of women during pregnancy: A cross-cultural study of Britain and Greece.
  64. (1984). The Evolution of Cooperation in Biological Systems.
  65. (1991). The evolution of parental care.
  66. (1989). The Evolution of Psychological Pain.
  67. (1988). The Further Evolution of Cooperation.
  68. (1992). The impact of postnatal depression on infant development. doi
  69. (1991). The impact of postpartum depressed mood on mother-infant interaction: Like mother like baby?
  70. (1994). The morbidity and mortality of pregnancy: still risky business. doi
  71. (1990). The past explains the present: Emotional adaptations and the structure of ancestral environments.
  72. (1996). The postpartum period: the key to maternal mortality. doi
  73. (1993). Thyroid and adrenal measures during late pregnancy and the puerperium in women who have been major depressed or who become dysphoric postpartum. Special Issue: Toward a new psychobiology of depression in women.
  74. (1991). What Good Is Feeling Bad - The Evolutionary Benefits Of Psychic Pain.
  75. (1995). Why do we get sick? : the new science of Darwinian medicine. doi