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Glycosaminoglycan Chain of Dentin Sialoprotein Proteoglycan

By Q. Zhu, Y. Sun, M. Prasad, X. Wang, A.K. Yamoah, Y. Li, J. Feng and C. Qin


Dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) is processed into dentin sialoprotein (DSP) and dentin phosphoprotein. A molecular variant of rat DSP, referred to as “HMW-DSP”, has been speculated to be a proteoglycan form of DSP. To determine if HMW-DSP is the proteoglycan form of DSP and to identify the glycosaminoglycan side-chain attachment site(s), we further characterized HMW-DSP. Chondroitinase ABC treatment reduced the migration rate for portions of rat HMW-DSP to the level of DSP. Disaccharide analysis showed that rat HMW-DSP contains glycosaminoglycan chains made of chondroitin-4-sulfate and has an average of 31-32 disaccharides/mol. These observations confirmed that HMW-DSP is the proteoglycan form of DSP (renamed “DSP-PG”). Edman degradation and mass spectrometric analyses of tryptic peptides from rat DSP-PG, along with substitution analyses of candidate Ser residues in mouse DSPP, confirmed that 2 glycosaminoglycan chains are attached to Ser241 and Ser253 in the rat, or Ser242 and Ser254 in the mouse DSPP sequence

Topics: Research Reports
Publisher: SAGE Publications
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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