Sonoelastography has been developed as an ultrasound-based elasticity imaging technique. In this technique, external vibration is induced into the target tissue. In general, tissue stiffness is inversely proportional to the amplitude of tissue vibration. Imaging tissue vibration will provide the elasticity distribution in the target region. This study investigated the feasibility of using real-time sonoelastography to detect and estimate the volume of thermal lesions in porcine livers in vivo. A total of 32 thermal lesions with volumes ranging from 0.2 to 5.3 cm3 were created using radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) technique. Lesions were imaged using sonoelastography and coregistered B-mode ultrasound. Volumes were reconstructed from a sequence of two-dimensional scans. The comparison of sonoelastographic measurements and pathology findings showed good correlation with respect to the area of the lesions (r2=0.8823 for RFA lesions, r2=0.9543 for HIFU lesions). In addition, good correspondence was found between three-dimensional sonoelastography and gross pathology (3.6% underestimate), demonstrating the feasibility of sonoelastography for volume estimation of thermal lesions. These results support that sonoelastography outperforms conventional B-mode ultrasound and could potentially be used for assessment of thermal therapies
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