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Identification of the most active interleukin-32 isoform

By Ji-Da Choi, Su-Young Bae, Jae-Woo Hong, Tania Azam, Charles A Dinarello, Erk Her, Whan-Soo Choi, Bo-Kyung Kim, Chang-Kwon Lee, Do-Young Yoon, Sun-Jong Kim and Soo-Hyun Kim

Abstract

Cytokines are crucial in host defence against pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. A newly described cytokine, interleukin-32 (IL-32), induces various proinflammatory cytokines (tumour necrosis factor-α, IL-1β, IL-6) and chemokines in both human and mouse cells through the nuclear factor-κB and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inflammatory signal pathway. The IL-32 primarily acts on monocytic cells rather than T cells. In an attempt to isolate the IL-32 soluble receptor, we used an IL-32 ligand-affinity column to purify neutrophil proteinase 3, which is a serine proteinase involved in many inflammatory diseases. IL-32 has biological activity associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and chronic proinflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. IL-32 is transcribed as six alternative splice variants and the biological activity of each individual isoform remains unknown. Here, we cloned the complementary DNA of the four IL-32 isoforms (α, β, γ and δ) that are the most representative IL-32 transcripts. To produce recombinant protein with a high yield, the amino acids of two cysteine residues were mutated to serine residues, because serine residues are not conserved among different species. The multi-step purified recombinant IL-32 isoform proteins were assessed for their biological activities with different cytokine assays. The γ isoform of IL-32 was the most active, although all isoforms were biologically active. The present study will provide a specific target to neutralize endogenous IL-32, which may contribute to basic and clinical immunology

Topics: Original Articles
Publisher: Blackwell Science Inc
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2673365
Provided by: PubMed Central
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