Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The Control of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Policy Review

By Aonghus McNabola and Laurence William Gill

Abstract

According to World Health Organisation figures, 30% of all cancer deaths, 20% of all coronary heart diseases and strokes and 80% of all chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are caused by cigarette smoking. Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) exposure has also been shown to be associated with disease and premature death in non-smokers. In response to this environmental health issue, several countries have brought about a smoking ban policy in public places and in the workplace. Countries such as the U.S., France, Italy, Ireland, Malta, the Netherlands, Sweden, Scotland, Spain, and England have all introduced policies aimed at reducing the population exposure to ETS. Several investigations have monitored the effectiveness of these smoking ban policies in terms of ETS concentrations, human health and smoking prevalence, while others have also investigated a number of alternatives to smoking ban policy measures. This paper reviews the state of the art in research, carried out in the field of ETS, smoking bans and Tobacco Control to date and highlights the need for future research in the area

Topics: Review
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2672352
Provided by: PubMed Central

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2001). 1,3 butadiene: Human Health Aspects.
  2. (2008). Acceptability and impact of a partial smoking ban followed by a total smoking ban in a psychiatric hospital.
  3. (1990). Achievements in public health: tobacco use – United States,
  4. (2008). After the smoke has cleared – reflections on Scotland‟s tobacco control legislation.
  5. (2006). An air quality comparison in hospitality venues before and after the Italian smoking ban.
  6. (2008). and they banned it! Lessons learned from smoking bans and their effects on public health.
  7. (2005). by the authors; licensee Molecular Diversity Preservation International,
  8. (2008). Cardiovascular Effect of Bans on Smoking in Public Places.
  9. (2007). Changes in child exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (CHETS) study after implementation of smoke-free legislation in Scotland: national cross sectional survey. BMJ
  10. (2007). Changes in exposure of adult non-smokers to second-hand smoke after implementation of smoke-free legislation in Scotland: national cross sectional survey. BMJ
  11. (2006). Changes in PM10 and PM2.5 air levels in bars after the enforcement of the smoking ban in the Italian legislation.
  12. (2007). Confessions of an accordion cleaner – a marker of improved air quality since the Irish smoking ban. BMJ
  13. (1999). Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control.
  14. (2006). Decline in adult smoking rates stall. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention:
  15. (2003). Determination of tobacco smoking influences on Volatile Organic Compounds constituents by indoor tobacco smoking simulation experiments.
  16. (2008). Drunk driving after the passage of smoking bans in bars.
  17. (2007). Effect of a large increase in cigarette tax on cigarette consumption: an empirical analysis of cross-sectional survey data. Public Health
  18. (2002). Effect of smoke-free workplaces on smoking behaviour: systematic review. BMJ
  19. (1989). Effects of a smoking ban on a general hospital psychiatric unit. Gen. Hospital Psych.
  20. (2006). Effects of the Smoking Ban on Benzene and 1, 3-Butadiene levels in Pubs in
  21. (2002). Exposure of hospitality workers to environmental tobacco smoke.
  22. (2003). Household Smoking Bans: Which Households Have Them and Do They Work?
  23. (2005). How does the Irish smoking ban measure up? A before and after study of particle concentrations in Irish pubs. Indoor Air
  24. (1992). Impact of workplace restrictions on consumption and incidence.
  25. (1985). Industrial Toxicology.
  26. (2008). Local Restaurant Smoking Regulations and the Adolescent Smoking Initiation Process: Results of a Multilevel Contextual Analysis Among Massachusetts Youth.
  27. (1998). Measurement and analysis of nicotine and other VOCs in indoor air as an indicator of passive smoking. Annals Occup. Hyg.
  28. (2003). Musicians playing wind instruments and risk of lung cancer: is there an association?
  29. (1985). Nicotine: An Old-Fashioned Addiction.
  30. (1988). Occupational mortality among bartenders and waiters.
  31. (2007). Optimal Cycling and Walking Speed for Minimum Absorption of Traffic Emissions in the Lungs.
  32. (1999). Passive smoking as well as active smoking increase the risk of stroke.
  33. (2005). Protect Children from Environmental Tobacco Smoke, but Avoid Stigmatization of Parents:
  34. (1995). Reducing cigarette consumption in California: Tobacco taxes vs. anti-smoking media campaign.
  35. (2004). Respirable particles and carcinogens in the air of Delaware hospitality venues before and after a smoking
  36. (2003). Review of the quality of studies on the economic effects of smoke-free policies on the hospitality industry. Tob. Control
  37. (2001). Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to reduce use and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.
  38. (2008). Secondhand smoke in hospitals of Catalonia (Spain) before and alter a comprehensive ban on smoking at the national level.
  39. (2006). Short-term effects of Italian smoking regulation on rates of hospital admission for acute myocardial infarction. European Heart
  40. (2007). Smoking in Italy 2005–2006: effects of a comprehensive national tobacco regulation,
  41. (2007). Smoking prevalence in Italy after the smoking ban: Towards a comprehensive evaluation of tobacco control programs
  42. (2007). Sunday Times Survey Results.
  43. (2007). Testing the Montana hypothesis: results from Scotland.
  44. (1992). The chemistry of environmental tobacco smoke: composition and measurement. Lewis Publishers: Boca
  45. (2003). The economics of smoking and cardiovascular disease.
  46. (2000). The effect of tobacco advertising bans on tobacco consumption.
  47. The effects of a prison smoking ban on smoking behaviour and withdrawal symptoms.
  48. (1993). The feasibility of smoking bans on psychiatric units. Gen. Hospital Psych.
  49. (2006). The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke. United States Department of Health and Human Services:
  50. (1981). The impact of tobacco control program expenditures on aggregate cigarette sales:
  51. (2008). The Office of Tobacco Control (OTC). Press Release
  52. (2002). The Office of Tobacco Control (OTC). Report on the Health Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) in the Workplace. The Office of Tobacco Control, Department of Health and Children:
  53. (2005). The Office of Tobacco Control (OTC). Smoke-free workplaces in Ireland—a one year review. The Office of Tobacco Control, Department of Health and Children:
  54. (2007). The role of public policies in reducing smoking prevalence: results from the SimSmoke tobacco policy simulation model. In Ending the Tobacco Problem: A Blueprint for the Nation. Institute of Medicine:
  55. (2000). The World Health Organisation. Air Quality Guidelines, Second Edition.
  56. (2008). Tobacco Addiction. Lancet
  57. (2004). Tobacco industry efforts to present ventilation as an alternative to smoke-free environments in North America. Tob. Control
  58. (2006). Towards the world-wide ban of indoor cigarette smoking in public places.
  59. (2006). Trends in the exposure of non-smokers in the U.S. population to secondhand smoke: 1988–2002. Environ. Health Persp.
  60. (1996). Use of volatile tracers to determine the contribution of Environmental Tobacco Smoke to concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds in smoking environments.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.