Various gene amplifications have been observed in gliomas. Prognostic-genomic correlations testing simultaneously all these amplified genes have never been conducted in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas. A set of 38 genes that have been reported to be amplified in gliomas and investigated as the main targets of amplicons were studied in a series of 52 anaplastic oligodendrogliomas using bacterial artificial chromosome–array based comparative genomic hybridization and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Among the 38 target genes, 15 were found to be amplified in at least one tumor. Overall, 27% of anaplastic oligodendrogliomas exhibited at least one gene amplification. The most frequently amplified genes were epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and cyclin-dependent kinase 4/sarcoma amplified sequence (CDK4/SAS) in 17% and 8% of anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, respectively. Gene amplification and codeletion of chromosome arms 1p/19q were perfectly exclusive (p = 0.005). In uni- and multivariate analyses, gene amplification was a negative prognostic factor for progression-free survival and overall survival in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, providing complementary information to the classic prognostic factors identified in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (extent of surgery, KPS, and chromosome arms 1p/19q status)
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