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Crystal Structure of Glycoside Hydrolase Family 55 β-1,3-Glucanase from the Basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium*S⃞

By Takuya Ishida, Shinya Fushinobu, Rie Kawai, Motomitsu Kitaoka, Kiyohiko Igarashi and Masahiro Samejima


Glycoside hydrolase family 55 consists of β-1,3-glucanases mainly from filamentous fungi. A β-1,3-glucanase (Lam55A) from the Basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium hydrolyzes β-1,3-glucans in the exo-mode with inversion of anomeric configuration and produces gentiobiose in addition to glucose from β-1,3/1,6-glucans. Here we report the crystal structure of Lam55A, establishing the three-dimensional structure of a member of glycoside hydrolase 55 for the first time. Lam55A has two β-helical domains in a single polypeptide chain. These two domains are separated by a long linker region but are positioned side by side, and the overall structure resembles a rib cage. In the complex, a gluconolactone molecule is bound at the bottom of a pocket between the two β-helical domains. Based on the position of the gluconolactone molecule, Glu-633 appears to be the catalytic acid, whereas the catalytic base residue could not be identified. The substrate binding pocket appears to be able to accept a gentiobiose unit near the cleavage site, and a long cleft runs from the pocket, in accordance with the activity of this enzyme toward various β-1,3-glucan oligosaccharides. In conclusion, we provide important features of the substrate-binding site at the interface of the two β-helical domains, demonstrating an unexpected variety of carbohydrate binding modes

Topics: Protein Structure and Folding
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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