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Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Caspofungin in Older Infants and Toddlers ▿

By Michael Neely, Hasan S. Jafri, Nita Seibel, Katherine Knapp, Peter C. Adamson, Susan K. Bradshaw, Kim M. Strohmaier, Peng Sun, Sheng Bi, Marissa Fallon Dockendorf, Julie A. Stone and Nicholas A. Kartsonis

Abstract

Although information about the efficacy and safety experience with caspofungin at 50 mg/m2 daily is available for children and adolescents, the dosing regimen in infants and toddlers 3 to 24 months of age has yet to be established. We studied the pharmacokinetics and safety of caspofungin at 50 mg/m2 once daily in nine patients 10 to 22 months (median, 13 months) of age with fever and neutropenia who received caspofungin once daily for 2 to 21 (mean, 9.3) days. Plasma caspofungin concentrations were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography assay on days 1 and 4. On day 4, the area under the curve from 0 to 24 h (AUC0-24) was 130.3 μg-h/ml, the peak concentration (C1) was 17.2 μg/ml, and the trough concentration (C24) was 1.6 μg/ml. The day 4 geometric mean ratios (GMRs) and 90% confidence interval (CI) for these parameters in infants/toddlers relative to adults were 1.26 (1.06, 1.50), 1.83 (1.57, 2.14), and 0.81 (0.64, 1.04), respectively. Relative to children (2 to 11 years of age), the day 4 GMRs (and 90% CI) were 1.13 (0.89, 1.44), 1.10 (0.85, 1.42), and 1.12 (0.72, 1.76), respectively. The harmonic mean elimination phase t1/2 in infants/toddlers (8.8 h) was reduced ∼33% relative to adults (13.0 h) but was similar to that in children (8.2 h). Clinical adverse events occurred in seven patients (78%); none were considered drug related. Laboratory adverse events occurred in five patients (56%) and were considered drug related in three (33%). There were no infusion-related events or discontinuations due to toxicity. Caspofungin at 50 mg/m2 daily was well tolerated in infants and toddlers; the AUC and caspofungin C24 were generally comparable to those in adults receiving caspofungin at 50 mg daily

Topics: Pharmacology
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2663098
Provided by: PubMed Central
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