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Diabetic muscle infarction

By Antony Mathew, I Sreenath Reddy and Colin Archibald


Diabetic muscle infarction (DMI) is a rare complication of longstanding, poorly controlled diabetes. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature. The case of a 34‐year‐old man with a 7‐year history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, with sudden onset of left thigh pain, is described here. A final diagnosis of DMI was made, the pathophysiology of which remains unclear. MRI findings were diagnostic and characteristic. The management of this condition is usually symptomatic. Short‐term prognosis is very good; however, the recurrence rate is high. Long‐term prognosis is poor, with most patients dying from cardiovascular complications of diabetes within 5 years of diagnosis. This case supports the need for a high index of suspicion, when a poorly controlled patient with diabetes presents with non‐traumatic limb pain

Topics: Emergency Casebook
Publisher: BMJ Group
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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