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GCK is essential to systemic inflammation and pattern recognition receptor signaling to JNK and p38

By Jian Zhong, L. Cristina Gavrilescu, Árpád Molnár, Lauren Murray, Stephen Garafalo, John H. Kehrl, Amy R. Simon, Richard A. Van Etten and John M. Kyriakis


Systemic inflammation arising from the organismal distribution of pathogen-associated molecular patterns is a major cause of clinical morbidity and mortality. Herein we report a critical and previously unrecognized in vivo role for germinal center kinase (GCK, genome nomenclature: map4k2), a mammalian Sterile 20 (STE20) orthologue, in PAMP signaling, and systemic inflammation. We find that disruption of gck in mice strongly impairs PAMP-stimulated macrophage cytokine and chemokine release and renders mice resistant to endotoxin-mediated lethality. Bone marrow transplantation studies show that hematopoietic cell GCK signaling is essential to systemic inflammation. Disruption of gck substantially reduces PAMP activation of macrophage Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) via reduced activation of the MAPK-kinase-kinases (MAP3Ks) mixed lineage kinases (MLKs)-2 and -3. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation are largely unaffected. Thus, GCK is an essential PAMP effector coupling JNK and p38, but not ERK or NF-κB to systemic inflammation

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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