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Improving Patient Comprehension and Recall of Discharge Instructions by Supplementing Free Texts with Pictographs

By Qing Zeng-Treitler, Hyeoneui Kim and Martha Hunter


Inpatient discharge instructions provide critical information for patients to manage their own care. These instructions are typically free-text and not easy for patients to understand and remember. In this pilot study, we developed a set of pictographs through a participatory design process and used them to enhance two mock-up discharge instructions. Tested on 13 healthy volunteers, the pictograph enhancement resulted in statistically significant better recall rates (p<0.001). This suggests that patient comprehension and recall of discharge instructions could be improved by supplementing free texts with pictographs

Topics: Articles
Publisher: American Medical Informatics Association
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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