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Do Older Drivers At-Risk for Crashes Modify Their Driving Over Time?

By Lesley A. Ross, Olivio J. Clay, Jerri D. Edwards, Karlene K. Ball, Virginia G. Wadley, David E. Vance, Gayla M. Cissell, Daniel L. Roenker and John J. Joyce


Five-year driving habit trajectories among older adults (n = 645) at-risk for crashes were examined. Performance measures included Useful Field of View (UFOV). Motor-Free Visual Perception Test, Rapid Walk, and Foot Tap. Self-report measures included demographics and the Driving Habits Questionnaire. Longitudinal random-effects models revealed that drivers at-risk for subsequent crashes, based upon UFOV, regulated their driving more than the lower-risk participants. Restricted driving was present at baseline for the at-risk group and was observed in longitudinal trajectories that controlled for baseline differences. Results indicate that persons at-risk for subsequent crashes increasingly limit their driving over time. Despite this self-regulation, a larger sample of such older drivers was twice as likely to incur subsequent at-fault crashes. Results suggest that self-regulation among older drivers at-risk for crashes is an insufficient compensatory approach to eliminating increased crash risk

Topics: Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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