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Successful Antiviral and Antituberculosis Treatment With Pegylated Interferon-alfa and Ribavirin in a Chronic Hepatitis C Patient With Pulmonary Tuberculosis

By Ming-Chao Tsai, Meng-Chih Lin and Chao-Hung Hung


Pulmonary tuberculosis is a rare side effect of antiviral treatment for chronic hepatitis C. We present the case of 55-year-old woman with chronic hepatitis C, who developed pulmonary tuberculosis after receiving 8 weeks of peginterferon alfa-2a plus ribavirin therapy. Antituberculous treatment was started and antiviral agents were given continually at adjusted doses. Her symptoms of cough with blood-tinged sputum improved 1 month after antituberculous therapy. Treatment for hepatitis C and pulmonary tuberculosis were completed after 6 months. At 6 months after antiviral therapy, a sustained virological response was achieved and follow-up chest radiography showed a marked regressive change. This is believed to be the first case report of complete remission from hepatitis C and pulmonary tuberculosis treated concurrently with antiviral and antituberculous agents

Publisher: Formosan Medical Association & Elsevier. Published by Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S0929-6646(09)60400-9
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