Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The infrared vibrational spectrum of andradite-grossular solid solutions: A quantum mechanical simulation

By Marco De La Pierre, Yves Noel, Sami Mustapha, Alessio Meyer, Philippe d'Arco and Roberto Dovesi


International audienceInfrared spectroscopy is a powerful technique for the characterization of minerals, permitting insights into their structural and thermodynamic properties. The intrinsic complexity of mineral solid solutions makes the interpretation of their spectroscopic data a challenging task.In this work, the IR vibrational spectra of andradite-grossular (Ca3Fe2Si3O12–Ca3Al2Si3O12) solid solutions were simulated at the ab initio level with the CRYSTAL09 code by using a large all-electron Gaussian-type basis set and the B3LYP hybrid functional. All the 23 symmetry-independent configurations resulting from the substitution of 1 to 8 Fe atoms with Al atoms in the 16a octahedral site of the andradite primitive cell were considered. The IR active transverse optical frequencies and their intensities were computed. Graphical representation of the spectra, animation of the modes and isotopic substitution of the cations were used as additional interpretation tools. The dominant high-frequency modes, corresponding to Si-O stretching motions, show a simple linear behavior of both frequencies and intensities with respect to the binary composition; this trend is related to the linear behavior of the mean lattice parameter. Also the frequencies of the low-energy bands show, roughly speaking, a linear dependence on composition; however, the behavior of the dominant intensities is more complicated and strongly connected to the Al and Fe atomic fraction. When considering different possible structures at fixed composition, some spectral features display a dependence upon short-range Y cation ordering. Overall, we show how ab initio calculations permit to analyze complex systems such as solid solutions, establishing relations among structure and properties and providing critical and robust interpretations to the experimental findings

Topics: Garnets, andradite, grossular, solid solutions, IR frequencies, IR intensities, ab initio calculations, all-electron Gaussian basis sets, B3LYP, CRYSTAL code, [ SDU.STU ] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth Sciences
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.2138/am.2013.4156
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-01459202v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • https://hal.archives-ouvertes.... (external link)
  • https://hal.archives-ouvertes.... (external link)
  • https://hal.archives-ouvertes.... (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.