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Characterization of a Lipoyl Domain-independent B-cell Autoepitope on the Human Branched-chain Acyltransferase in Primary Biliary Cirrhosis and Overlap Syndrome with Autoimmune Hepatitis

By Antal Csepregi, Petra Obermayer-Straub, Susanne Kneip, Anne Kayser, Stephanie Loges, Eleonore Schmidt, Elemér Nemesánszky, Ferenc Szalay, Michael P. Manns and Christian P. Strassburg


Background and aims: Antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA) which recognize pyruvate acetyltransferase (PDC-E2) represent a highly diagnostic feature of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). The analysis of immunofluorescence (IF)-AMA-positive sera in PBC patients indicates a conformational epitope located within the lipoyl binding domain of bovine branched-chain acyltransferase (BCKADC-E2) alone or in combination with AMA directed against PDC-E2 the significance of which is presently unclear. In the present study, immunoreactivities and disease associations of AMA against BCKADC-E2 were analyzed. B-cell autoepitopes on BCKADC-E2 were mapped by immunoprecipitation assay

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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