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The frailty in elderly patients receiving cardiac interventional procedures (FRASER) program: rational and design of a multicenter prospective study

By Gianluca Campo, Rita Pavasini, Elisa Maietti, Elisabetta Tonet, Paolo Cimaglia, Giulia Scillitani, Giulia Bugani, Matteo Serenelli, Fatima Zaraket, Cristina Balla, Filippo Trevisan, Simone Biscaglia, Biagio Sassone, Marcello Galvani, Roberto Ferrari and Stefano Volpato

Abstract

Background: Frailty has become a high-priority issue in cardiovascular medicine because of the aging of cardiovascular patients. Simple and reproducible tools to assess frailty in elderly patients are clearly on demand. Their application may help physicians in the selection of invasive and medical treatments and in the timing and modality of the follow-up. The frailty in elderly patients receiving cardiac interventional procedures (FRASER) program is designed with the aim to validate the use of the short physical performance battery (SPPB) as prognostic tools in patients admitted to hospital for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: The FRASER program is a multicenter prospective study involving 4 Italian cardiology units. The FRASER program enrolls only patients aged ≥70 years. The core of the FRASER program includes patients admitted to hospital for ACS. The aims are (1) to describe SPPB distribution before hospital discharge and (2) to investigate the prognostic role of SPPB score. The primary outcome is a composite of 1-year all-cause mortality and hospital readmission for any cause. Ancillary analyses will be focused on different study populations (patients hospitalized for arrhythmias or acute heart failure or symptomatic severe aortic stenosis) and on different tools to assess frailty (multidimensional prognostic index, clinical frailty score, grip strength). Discussion: The FRASER program will fill critical gaps in the knowledge regarding the link between frailty, cardiovascular disease, interventional procedures and outcome and will help physicians in the generation of a more personalized risk assessment and in the identification of potential targets for interventions

Topics: Acute coronary syndrome, Clinical frailty score, Frailty, Handgrip, Multidimensional performance test, Short physical performance battery, Aging, Geriatrics and Gerontology
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1007/s40520-016-0662-y
OAI identifier: oai:iris.unife.it:11392/2363743
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