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Information Structure in Northern Amis: A Morphosyntactic Analysis

By Isabelle Bril

Abstract

International audienceThis paper is a study of Information Structure (IS) in Northern Amis and its interaction with the voice system. These two domains are distinct, but interact­ ing: the voice system obeys semantic and syntactic constraints, while IS and its related discourse categories (topics, foci) follows discourse parameters. A morphosyntactic analysis of the distinctive features of topics and focusing devices is conducted, showing how pragmatics maps onto syntax. Among focusing devices are evidential in situ foci, which recruit two evidential forms, han(=tu) and sa(=tu), and cleft narrow foci (informative or restrictive). Evi­ dential foci also express stance and do not trigger any syntactic restructuring, in contrast with extracted cleft foci. As in other Formosan languages, a cleft core argument must be the syntactic pivot of the clause containing the presup­ position, while there is no such constraint for cleft peripheral arguments and for adjuncts, which trigger a complement clause

Topics: voice systems, topic, focus, Austronesian languages, Information structure, [SHS.LANGUE]Humanities and Social Sciences/Linguistics
Publisher: 'Project Muse'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1353/ol.2016.0021
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:halshs-01418746v1
Provided by: HAL Descartes
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