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Trends in Prevalence and Determinants of Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing in the United States: 2007 to 2012

By Marcela Jirón Aliste, Virginia Pate, Laura C. Hanson, Jennifer L. Lund, Michele Jonsson Funk and Til Stuermer


ObjectivesTo estimate the prevalence and determinants of the use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in older U.S. adults using the 2012 Beers criteria. DesignRetrospective cohort study in a random national sample of Medicare beneficiaries. SettingFee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries from 2007 to 2012. ParticipantsU.S. population aged 65 and older with Parts A, B, and D enrollment in at least 1month during a calendar year (N=38,250 individuals; 1,308,116 observations). MeasurementsThe 2012 Beers criteria were used to estimate the prevalence of the use of PIMs in each calendar month and over a 12-month period using data on diagnoses or conditions present in the previous 12months. Generalized estimating equations were used to account for the dependence of multiple monthly observations of a single person when estimating 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and logistic regression was used to identify independent determinants of PIM use. ResultsThe point prevalence of the use of PIMs decreased from 37.6% (95% CI=37.0-38.1) in 2007 to 34.2% (95% CI=33.6-34.7) in 2012, with a statistically significant 2% (95% CI=1-3%) decline per year assuming a linear trend. The 1-year period prevalence declined from 64.9% in 2007 to 56.6% in 2012. The strongest predictor of PIM use was the number of drugs dispensed. Individuals aged 70 and older and those seen by a geriatrician were less likely to receive a PIM. ConclusionFrom 2007 to 2012, the prevalence of PIM use in older U.S. adults decreased according to the 2012 Beers criteria, although it remains high, still affecting one-third each month and more than half over 12months. The number of dispensed prescriptions could be used to target future interventions.Pharmacoepidemiology Gillings Innovation Lab for the Population-Based Evaluation of Drug Benefits and Harms in Older U.S. Adults GIL 200811.0010 Center for Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina (UNC) CER Strategic Initiative, UNC Clinical Translational Science Award UL1TR001111 Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, UNC UNC School of Medicine MECESUP Chile UCH0811 National Institute on Aging (NIA) R01 AG02317

Topics: Potentially inappropriate medications, Beers criteria, Older adults, Database study, Pharmacoepidemiology, Medicare
Publisher: 'Wiley'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1111/jgs.14077
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